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Powder Metallurgy and Metal Ceramics

, Volume 58, Issue 3–4, pp 149–154 | Cite as

Thermal Oxidation Kinetics of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes in an Oxygen Flow

  • V. V. GarbuzEmail author
  • L. N. Kuzmenko
  • V. A. Petrova
  • T. A. Silinska
  • T. M. Terentieva
Article
  • 4 Downloads

The oxidation reactions of multi-walled carbon nanotubes in isothermal conditions have been studied for the first time. With a steady increase in temperature from 923 to 1173 K, the time dependence for the oxidation of multi-walled carbon nanotubes changes from a straight line to an S-shaped curve that reaches its saturation point. The sample’s oxidation rate on linearly increasing sections at 923 K is Vox = 4.38 · 10–7 mole/sec. Internal overheating of the sample activates rapid carbon oxidation reactions on the \( {360}^{{\mathrm{t}}_{\mathrm{h}}} \) sec at 973 K. In the range 1023–1173 K, the total rates increase exponentially: Vox = 1.19 · 10–6–1.97 · 10–5 mole/sec. The Arrhenius equation was used to calculate the kinetic parameters of carbon thermal oxidation. The activation energies for the oxidation reactions of multi-walled carbon nanotubes in the range 973–1173 K were found at Ea ≈ ≈ 169 ± 9 kJ/mol. The frequency characteristics of factor A0 were defined as ≈ (1.0–3.1) · 106 sec–1. The activation parameters of the oxidation reactions of multi-walled carbon nanotubes are close to the theoretical activation energy of graphite oxidation (172 kJ/mole).

Keywords

multi-walled carbon nanotubes powder oxidation reaction kinetic parameters 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. V. Garbuz
    • 1
    Email author
  • L. N. Kuzmenko
    • 1
  • V. A. Petrova
    • 1
  • T. A. Silinska
    • 1
  • T. M. Terentieva
    • 1
  1. 1.Frantsevich Institute for Problems of Materials ScienceNational Academy of Sciences of UkraineKyivUkraine

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