Contact Interaction of Zirconium Diboride with Nickel and Nickel Alloys. II. Contact Interaction in the Zirconium Boride–Nichrome System
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Zirconium boride–nichrome (Ni–20 Cr) interaction at zirconium boride concentration in the charge varying from 3.6 to 60% and at annealing temperatures of 1100–1850°C has been studied. It is shown that the interaction begins at 1200°C as a solid-phase reaction to form nickel borides. At 1300–1350°C, contact melting that is characteristic of eutectic systems follows the solid-phase interaction. The eutectic liquid appears and wets zirconium boride with a contact angle of 0° at 1500°C. The eutectic melting point is 1320 ± 20°C at a zirconium boride concentration of 11–13% in the alloy. The phase composition of the interaction products depends on the ratio of alloy components and temperature. It is represented by binary and ternary compounds in the Ni–Cr–B–(in part) C system formed from chromium and nickel boride crystal lattices. The main part of zirconium in the alloy is concentrated in the formed intermetallides. Thus, the contact pairs made of zirconium boride –nichrome materials can operate only at temperatures below 1200°C.
Keywordsfuel equipment zirconium diboride nichrome contact interaction eutectic phase composition intermetallide
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