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Plant Molecular Biology Reporter

, Volume 36, Issue 3, pp 399–405 | Cite as

Identification of Early Vigor QTLs and QTL by Environment Interactions in Wheat (Triticum eastivum L.)

Original Paper
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Abstract

Crop productivity is highly dependent on successful seed germination and seedling establishment. This study evaluated two mapping populations, Batavia/Ernie (double haploid) and Synthetic/Opata (recombinant inbred lines), for early vigor under water stress and normal growing conditions. Significant gene, environment (water), and gene by environment interaction effects were observed. Broad sense heritability was 29 and 40% for the Batavia/Ernie and Synthetic/Opata populations, respectively. Quantitative trait loci (QTL) were analyzed based on single and multienvironment models. The two mapping populations differed in the number and locations of QTLs except qNev.uwa.4AL was identified in both populations under the non-stress condition, while qSev.uwa.3BL was specifically expressed under the stress condition in the Synthetic/Opata population. QTL by environment interaction (QEI) enabled identification of nine QTLs, including those identified by the single environment approach. Phenotypic variation expression (PVE) of QEIs ranged from 4.8 to 14.9% across the populations. Larger proportion of PVE of QEIs was explained by the additive components. Favorable alleles for three of the QTLs identified in the Synthetic/Opata population were derived from Synthetic, while Batavia contributed favorable alleles to a QTL on the long arm of chromosome 1D in the Batavia/Ernie population. QTL detected under water stress (qSev.uwa.3BL) co-located with the DREB 1 gene, which was mapped between markers Xmwg818 and Xfbb117 (58.1–77.6 cM). QTLs with high proportion of additive components can be validated for marker assisted gene pyramiding and selection.

Keywords

Biomass accumulation Crop establishment Early vigour Water stress QEI 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The Australian Development Scholarship (ADS) sponsored the study of the first author.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Noble Research Institute LLCAdmoreUSA
  2. 2.School of Agriculture and Environment, Faculty of Science, and The Institute of AgricultureThe University of Western AustraliaPerthAustralia
  3. 3.CSIRO Agriculture & FoodSt LuciaAustralia

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