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Microbes mediated plant stress tolerance in saline agricultural ecosystem

  • Richa Salwan
  • Anu Sharma
  • Vivek SharmaEmail author
Review Article
  • 70 Downloads

Abstract

Background

The accumulation of salts leads to assimilation of dissolved salts in the soil which results in soil salinity. Salinity affects the crop yield by reducing the levels of minerals availability, inducing ions mediated toxicity, osmotic stress, growth regulators level and reactive oxygen species production which ultimately lead to the inhibition of seed germination, seedling growth, onset of flowering, and fruit set.

Scope

The beneficial microorganisms are attractive candidate to increase the agricultural productivity in saline ecosystem. The plant beneficial microbiome offers significant prospective to magnify the plant resilience and crop yields in saline agriculture systems either by modulating the uptake of ions, regulation of plant growth regulators and by the production of exopolysaccharides and alleviate the salinity stress.

Conclusions

Salt tolerance is a complex manifestation of different physiological and biochemical events. The microbes mediated mechanisms underlying regulation of salinity responses involved in ion transport and homeostasis, osmolytes regulation, hormonal balance, antioxidant machinery and other stress signaling are critical in developing plant adaptation strategies to salinity stress. Therefore, plant beneficial microbes are attractive choice in alleviating plant stresses saline soil.

Keywords

Abiotic Stress Saline Plant growth rhizobacteria Growth regulators 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to Chandigarh University for providing necessary infrastructure and SEED Division, Department of Science and Technology, GOI for providing financial benefits (SP/YO/125/2017) and (SEED-TIASN-023-2018) during the completion of this work.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interests

The authors declared no conflict of interests.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Richa SalwanCollege of Horticulture and ForestryHamirpurIndia
  2. 2.University Centre for Research and DevelopmentChandigarh UniversityPunjabIndia

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