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The role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in plant invasion trajectory

  • Farzad AslaniEmail author
  • A. Shukor Juraimi
  • M. Saiful Ahmad-Hamdani
  • M. Amirul Alam
  • M. Mahmudul Hasan
  • F. S. Golestan Hashemi
  • Mohammad BahramEmail author
Review Article
  • 126 Downloads

Background

Invasive plant species pose a global threat because they alter ecosystem functioning and biodiversity. The majority of plants form mutualistic mycorrhizal associations with mycorrhizal fungi, which contribute to the nutrient and water supply as well as diversity, competitive ability, and ecosystem productivity. In addition, the role of mycorrhizal interactions in plant invasiveness and the susceptibility or resistance of a habitat to invasion is increasingly recognized. However, the mechanisms by which mycorrhizae contribute to invasion remain unresolved.

Scope

Here, we provide an overview of the empirical evidence and discuss the prospects for mycorrhizaemediated plant invasion. Overall, mycorrhizal fungi appear to have impacts on plant invasion that depend on the similarities between the mycorrhizal associations of the alien and native plants. We introduce plant mycorrhizal niche space (PMNS) as a plant’s ability to exploit and shape the mycorrhizal fungi pool of a habitat based on its dependency on mycorrhizal fungi, traits and priority effects.

Conclusions

Collectively, the available evidence supports the idea that PMNS is independent of place of origin (invasive status). Understanding the drivers of the PMNS of both native and alien plant species may help to predict the potential invasiveness of plants and the invasibility of a habitat, to elucidate the role of the mycorrhizal fungal community in plant invasion and the impact of plant invasion on the structure of the mycorrhizal fungal community in new habitats (i.e., neighbour effect) and to improve restoration planning. In this regard, we highlight a number of knowledge gaps and discuss future research directions.

Keywords

Mycorrhizal adaptation Plant-mycobiome interactions Invasion ecology Fungal diversity Symbiosis 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank two anonymous reviewers for helpful comments on the manuscript. This study was funded by the Swedish Research Council (VR grant 2017-05019) and Geran Putra IPB (GP-IPB/2017/9523400).

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Botany, Institute of Ecology and Earth SciencesUniversity of TartuTartuEstonia
  2. 2.Department of Crop Science, Faculty of AgricultureUniversiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)SerdangMalaysia
  3. 3.Faculty of Sustainable Agriculture, Horticulture and Landscaping ProgrammeUniversiti Malaysia SabahSandakaMalaysia
  4. 4.Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Food SecurityUniversiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)SerdangMalaysia
  5. 5.Faculty of Environmental and Life SciencesUniversity of SouthamptonSouthamptonUnited Kingdom
  6. 6.Department of EcologySwedish University of Agricultural SciencesUppsalaSweden

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