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Plant and Soil

, Volume 437, Issue 1–2, pp 11–20 | Cite as

Antimony tolerance and accumulation in a metallicolous and a non-metallicolous population of Salvia spinosa L.

  • Shakiba Rajabpoor
  • Seyed Majid GhaderianEmail author
  • Henk Schat
Regular Article
  • 194 Downloads

Abstract

Aims

Antimony (Sb) is locally found at potentially toxic concentrations in mineralized soils, usually together with arsenic (As). However, local adaptation of plant populations to Sb toxicity has never been shown thus far. Here we compared Sb tolerance and accumulation between a non-metallicolous (NM) population of Salvia spinosa, and a con-specific metallicolous (M) population from a strongly Sb/As-enriched soil in Dashkasan, Iran.

Methods

Plants were exposed in hydroponics to a series of Sb[III] and Sb[V] concentrations. After 3 weeks the dry weights and Sb concentrations of roots and shoots were determined.

Results

Estimated from the effects on shoot dry weight, the M population was more tolerant than the NM one, particularly to Sb[V], but to a lower degree also to Sb[III]. In both populations Sb[III] was taken up and translocated at higher rates than Sb[V]. The Sb concentrations in roots and shoots were slightly, but significantly higher in the M than in the NM population.

Conclusions

Since Sb[V] and As[V] seem to follow very different detoxification pathways, it can be argued that the superior tolerance to Sb[V] in M represents a local adaptation to Sb[V] toxicity itself, rather than being a mere by-product of hypertolerance to its chemical analogue, As[V]. Since Sb[III] and As[III] or As[V] share common detoxification pathways, the apparent Sb[III] hypertolerance in the M population might represent a by-product of As hypertolerance.

Keywords

Antimony Arsenic Accumulation Tolerance Salvia spinosa Dashkasan 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank the Graduate School of University of Isfahan for providing research facilities for this study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biology, Faculty of SciencesUniversity of IsfahanIsfahanIran
  2. 2.Department of Ecological Science, Faculty of SciencesVrije UniversiteitAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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