Plant and Soil

, Volume 424, Issue 1–2, pp 419–433 | Cite as

Groundcover management changes grapevine root fungal communities and plant-soil feedback

  • Eric Vukicevich
  • D. Thomas Lowery
  • José Ramón Úrbez-Torres
  • Pat Bowen
  • Miranda Hart
Regular Article

Abstract

Aims

The objective of this study was to determine if vineyard groundcover management can mitigate negative plant-soil feedback caused by soil borne pathogens through changes in root fungal communities.

Methods

Whole-soil inoculum was collected from a field trial of groundcover identity (exotic grasses, exotic grasses plus legumes, native grasses, and native grasses plus forbs) and irrigation type (drip, sprinkler, and a combination of both) in a modified feedback experiment with grapevine rootstock ‘101–14’ (Vitis riparia x V. rupestris). To see if these groundcovers would differ in their ability to protect vines against negative feedback caused by a soil borne pathogen, we inoculated all pots with the soil-borne root pathogen, Ilyonectria liriodendri (Halleen, Rego & Crous) Chaverri & C. Salgado.

Results

After eight months, vines growing with soil trained by exotic grasses had greater above-ground growth response relative to sterilized control than did vines growing with soil trained by native grasses and forbs. These treatments also resulted in compositionally distinct root fungal communities. The intensity of root colonization by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi did not differ among ground cover treatments.

Conclusions

Our results show that soil feedback outcomes for grapevines, including negative effects of black foot pathogens such as Ilyonectria liriodendri, could depend on groundcover vegetation management that alters root-associated fungal communities.

Keywords

Black-foot disease Cover crops Fungal ecology Plant-soil feedback Vineyards 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This paper is dedicated to the memory of Diana Morales, who greatly enhanced both the content and enjoyment of this work. The authors also wish to acknowledge the funding sources that made this work possible. EV was supported by the British Columbia Wine Grape Council and the Growing Forward 2 program of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. MH was supported by the Organic Science Cluster/Growing Forward 2 program of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Supplementary material

11104_2017_3532_MOESM1_ESM.docx (488 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 487 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric Vukicevich
    • 1
    • 2
  • D. Thomas Lowery
    • 2
  • José Ramón Úrbez-Torres
    • 2
  • Pat Bowen
    • 2
  • Miranda Hart
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of British Columbia – OkanaganKelownaCanada
  2. 2.Summerland Research and Development Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food CanadaSummerlandCanada

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