Photosynthesis and physiology responses of paired near-isogenic lines in waxy maize (Zea mays L.) to nicosulfuron

  • J. Wang
  • X. M. Zhong
  • X. L. Lv
  • Z. S. Shi
  • F. H. Li
Article
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Abstract

Nicosulfuron is a post-emergence herbicide used for weed control in fields of maize (Zea mays L.). We used a pair of nearly isogenic inbred lines, SN509-R (nicosulfuron-resistant) and SN509-S (nicosulfuron-sensitive), to study the effect of nicosulfuron on waxy maize seedling. After the nicosulfuron treatment, net photosynthetic rate, stomatal conductance, transpiration rate, leaf maximum photochemical efficiency of PSII, photochemical quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence, and the actual photochemical efficiency of PSII were significantly lower in SN509-S than those of SN509-R, contrary to intercellular CO2 concentration, stomatal limitation, and nonphotochemical quenching. Compared to SN509-R, antioxidant enzyme activities in SN509-S decreased significantly in response to the nicosulfuron treatment, while SN509-S exhibited an increased malondialdehyde content, which was associated with lower antioxidant enzyme activities. These results collectively suggest that the nicosulfuron-resistance mechanism was associated with photosynthetic rate, reactive oxygen species metabolism, and protective mechanisms.

Additional key words

antioxidant enzymes chlorophyll florescence nicosulfuron photosynthesis waxy maize 

Abbreviations

APX

ascorbate peroxidase

CAT

catalase

Chl

chlorophyll

Ci

intercellular CO2 concentration

DAT

days after herbicide treatment

ETR

electron transport rate

F0

minimal fluorescence yield of the dark-adapted state

Fm

maximal fluorescence yield of the dark-adapted state

F0

minimal fluorescence yield of the light-adapted state

Fm

maximal fluorescence yield of the light-adapted state

Fv

variable fluorescence

Fv/Fm

maximal quantum yield of PSII photochemistry

gs

stomatal conductance

Ls

stomatal limitation

MDA

malondialdehyde

NPQ

nonphotochemical quenching

NILs

nearly-isogenic lines

NBT

nitroblue tetrazolium chloride

PN

net photosynthetic rate

POD

peroxidase

qP

photochemical quenching coefficient

ROS

reactive oxygen species

SOD

superoxide dismutase

ΨPSII

effective quantum yield of PSII photochemistry

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Copyright information

© The Institute of Experimental Botany 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Wang
    • 1
  • X. M. Zhong
    • 1
  • X. L. Lv
    • 1
  • Z. S. Shi
    • 1
  • F. H. Li
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AgronomyShenyang Agricultural UniversityShenyang, LiaoningChina

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