A new defense of trope content view of experience

Article
  • 33 Downloads

Abstract

The idea that what we perceive are tropes (abstract particulars) is anything but new. In fact, it was one of the reasons why the ontology of tropes was postulated in the first place. Still, the claim that we perceive tropes is invariably and purely based on pre-philosophical intuitions or, indirectly, either as a supporting argument for the advantages of content view when compared to the relational view of experience, or as a supporting argument in favor of the irreducible subjective character of experience. In this paper, I take the content view for granted and argue in favor of what is herein referred to as the trope-content view of experience. My defense is a case of inference to the best explanation. The trope-content view can meet all reasonable desiderata on the experience and its content without assuming gaps or making the ad hoc assumption that there are different layers of content, or so shall I argue.

Keywords

Content of experience Tropes Trope-content view Singular content view General content view 

References

  1. Anscombe, G. E. M. (1965). The intentionality of sensation: A grammatical feature. In R. J. Butler (Ed.), Analytical philosophy: Second series. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar
  2. Armstrong, D. M. (1968). A materialist theory of the mind. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  3. Bach, K. (2007). Searle against the world. How can experiences find their objects? In S. L. Tsohatzidis (Ed.), John Searle’s philosophy of language: Force, meaning, and thought (pp. 64–78). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Bacon, J. (1995). Universals and property instances. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  5. Bensusan, H. & Carvalho, E. (2011). Qualia qua qualitons: Mental qualities as abstract particulars. Acta Analytica, 26(2), 155–163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brewer, B. (2006). Perception and content. European Journal of Philosophy, 14, 165–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Campbell, K. (1981). The metaphysics of abstract particulars. Midwest Studies in Philosophy, 6, 477–488 (Reprinted in: D. H. Mellor & A. Oliver (Eds.) (1997), Properties (pp. 125–139). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Campbell, K. (1990). Abstract particulars. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  9. Campbell, J. (2002). Reference and consciousness. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Davies, M. (1992). Perceptual content and local supervenience. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 92, 21–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dretske, F. (1969). Seeing and knowing. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  12. Ehring, D. (1997). Causation and persistence: A theory of causation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Fish, W. (2009). Perception, hallucination, and illusion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Grice, H. P. (1961). The causal theory of perception. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary, 35, 121–153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Johnston, M. (2004). The obscure object of hallucination. Philosophical Studies, 120, 113–183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kriegel, U. (2004). Trope theory and the metaphysics of appearances. American Philosophical Quarterly, 41(1), 5–20.Google Scholar
  17. Lewis, D. (1980). Veridical hallucination and prosthetic vision. Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 58, 239–249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lowe, E. J. (1998). Possibility of metaphysics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Martin, M. G. F. (2002). Particular thoughts and singular thought. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement, 51, 173–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. McGinn, C. (1982). The character of mind. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Mulligan, K., Barry, S., & Peter, S. (1984). Truth makers. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 44, 278–321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Nanay, B. (2012). An action-oriented perception. European Journal of Philosophy, 23, 321–336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Pereira, R. (2012). The existentialist view (on the content of experience) being defended. Dois Pontos, 9(2), 63–88.Google Scholar
  24. Pereira, R. (2016). Combining the representational and the relational view. Philosophical Studies, 173(12), 3255–3269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Pereira, R. (2018). The singular relational plus relativistic content view. Dialogue, 57(1), 93–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Rodriguez-Pereyra, G. (2002). Resemblance nominalism. Oxford: Clarendon.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Russell, B. (1912). The problems of philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  28. Schaffer, J. (2001). The individuation of tropes. Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 79, 247–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Schellenberg, S. (2010). Particularity and phenomenology of perceptual experience. Philosophical Studies, 149, 19–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Schellenberg, S. (2016). Perceptual particularity. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 92(2), n/a–n/a.Google Scholar
  31. Searle, J. (1983). Intentionality. Oxford: Clarendon Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Siegel, S. (2005). The phenomenology of efficacy. Philosophical Topics, 33, 65–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Siegel, S. (2009). The visual experience of causation. Philosophical Quarterly, 59, 519–540.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Travis, C. (2004). Silence of the senses. Mind, 113, 57–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Tye, M. (2009). Consciousness revisited: Materialism without phenomenal concepts. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  36. Tye, M. (2014). Transparency, qualia realism and representationalism. Philosophical Studies, 170(1), 39–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyThe Federal University from Rio de Janeiro/UFRJ/CNPQRio de JaneiroBrazil

Personalised recommendations