International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy

, Volume 40, Issue 2, pp 421–427 | Cite as

Complementary medicines in pregnancy: recommendations and information sources of healthcare professionals in Australia

  • Christine E. GilmartinEmail author
  • To-Hao Vo-Tran
  • Laura Leung
Research Article


Background The use of oral complementary and alternative medicines, including herbal supplements, has been increasing in pregnant women worldwide despite limited safety data. The decision of healthcare professionals to recommend these products to pregnant patients is controversial and not well documented. Objective To explore the recommendations and information sources that healthcare professionals use to determine the safety of oral non-prescribed supplements during pregnancy. Setting An Australian metropolitan maternity hospital. Method An electronic survey was distributed to doctors, midwives, pharmacists, dietitians, lactation consultants and physiotherapists. Main outcome measure The nature of recommendations and information sources that healthcare professionals use to determine the safety of oral non-prescribed supplements during pregnancy. Results Responses were received from 54 healthcare professionals. Forty of 54 (74.1%) were concerned about the safety of their patients’ supplements, while 35 of 54 (64.8%) felt that they had access to trustworthy safety information. Supplements most commonly recommended as safe to use were ginger (40.7%), probiotics (29.6%) and raspberry leaf (22.2%). Participants specifically requested further safety information for raspberry leaf, evening primrose oil, fish oil, probiotics, ginger, vitamin C, valerian, turmeric, blue cohosh and colloidal silver. Written resources most frequently consulted included MIMS® (61.1%) and ‘Google Searches’ (29.6%), and healthcare professionals most referred to were pharmacists (74.1%), doctors (22.2%), and naturopaths or herbalists (3.7%). Conclusion The recommendations of maternity heath care professionals and quality of information sources used varied. Further education and access to unbiased safety information is required to empower healthcare professionals to provide informed recommendations to pregnant patients.


Australia Complementary medicines Herbal medicines Information Pregnancy 



Study investigators would like to acknowledge the Medicines Information Service of the Royal Women’s Hospital pharmacy department for their input.


No funding has been received for this study or the preparation of this manuscript except for ordinary wages.

Conflicts of interest

The authors do not have any conflict of interest to declare.

Supplementary material

11096_2018_608_MOESM1_ESM.docx (21 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 21 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Royal Women’s Hospital Pharmacy DepartmentThe Royal Women’s HospitalParkvilleAustralia

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