International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy

, Volume 39, Issue 5, pp 1084–1094 | Cite as

Assessment of patients’ knowledge and practices regarding their medication use and risks in Lebanon

  • Elsy RamiaEmail author
  • Rony M. Zeenny
  • Souheil Hallit
  • Pascale Salameh
  • on behalf of the Order of Pharmacists Scientific Committee – Medication Safety Subcommittee
Research Article


Background Patients’ knowledge of their medications play a pivotal role in their disease management. Objective Assess the knowledge and practices of Lebanese outpatients regarding their own medication use and risks. Setting Four hundred and sixty community pharmacies across Lebanon. Method It was a cross-sectional study performed from March through May 2016 among Lebanese outpatients, using a self-administered questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were used to calculate all participants’ responses. The association between categorical variables were evaluated using Pearson χ2 test or Fisher’s exact test. Binary logistic regressions were performed to identify factors associated with medication patients’ knowledge and interest. Main outcome measure Ability of the patients to identify own medications’ elements: name, strength, dosage regimen, indication, and adverse drug reactions. Results Our study comprised 921 patients, with around 16% taking ≥5 medications/day. Around 56% of our patients showed sub-optimal medication knowledge. Patients’ higher educational level, number of chronic diseases, and patient physician interaction were associated with higher medication knowledge. Many patients admitted not discussing their medications each time they visit their physicians (38.7%); not reading the leaflet of each medication they take (61.2%); and not regularly asking their pharmacist about the potential interactions of OTC drugs with prescribed medications (53.9%). Conclusion This study showed suboptimal medication-related knowledge, and suboptimal patient’s interactions with primary care givers. Our findings serve as a platform for healthcare providers to understand patients’ needs and educate them about medication use and risks.


Adverse drug reactions Community pharmacies Knowledge Lebanon Medication Outpatients 



We would like to thank all the inspectors of the OPL for their help in passing the surveys and data entry. We would also like to thank all the members of the OPL Medication Safety Subcommittee, namely: Aline Hajj, Hadi Sherri, Hayat Azouri, Hind Hajj, Maryam Ghorayeb, Marwan Akel, Nouhad Sarkis, and Patricia Shuhaiber.


No sources of funding were used to assist in the preparation of this study.

Conflicts of interest

The authors of this manuscript declare no conflicts of interest.

Supplementary material

11096_2017_517_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (253 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 253 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pharmacy Practice, School of PharmacyLebanese American UniversityByblosLebanon
  2. 2.Department of PharmacyAmerican University of Beirut Medical CenterBeirutLebanon
  3. 3.Psychiatric Hospital of the CrossJal EddibLebanon
  4. 4.School of PharmacySaint-Joseph UniversityBeirutLebanon
  5. 5.School of PharmacyLebanese UniversityHadath, BeirutLebanon
  6. 6.Faculty of MedicineUniversite Saint-Esprit KaslikKaslikLebanon
  7. 7.Faculty of MedicineLebanese UniversityBeirutLebanon

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