International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy

, Volume 38, Issue 3, pp 641–646 | Cite as

Ensuring rigour and trustworthiness of qualitative research in clinical pharmacy

  • Muhammad Abdul HadiEmail author
  • S. José Closs
Research Article


The use of qualitative research methodology is well established for data generation within healthcare research generally and clinical pharmacy research specifically. In the past, qualitative research methodology has been criticized for lacking rigour, transparency, justification of data collection and analysis methods being used, and hence the integrity of findings. Demonstrating rigour in qualitative studies is essential so that the research findings have the “integrity” to make an impact on practice, policy or both. Unlike other healthcare disciplines, the issue of “quality” of qualitative research has not been discussed much in the clinical pharmacy discipline. The aim of this paper is to highlight the importance of rigour in qualitative research, present different philosophical standpoints on the issue of quality in qualitative research and to discuss briefly strategies to ensure rigour in qualitative research. Finally, a mini review of recent research is presented to illustrate the strategies reported by clinical pharmacy researchers to ensure rigour in their qualitative research studies.


Clinical pharmacy Qualitative research Rigour Trustworthiness 



No funding from any governmental or non-governmental agency was obtained for this paper.

Conflicts of interest

None declared.


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Copyright information

© Koninklijke Nederlandse Maatschappij ter bevordering der Pharmacie 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of PharmacyUmm-Al-Qura UniversityMakkahSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.School of HealthcareUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK

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