Development of a pharmacy practice intervention: lessons from the literature
- 756 Downloads
The development of health interventions is receiving increasing attention within the scientific literature. In the past, interventions were often based on the ISLAGIATT principle: that is, ‘It seemed like a good idea at the time’. However, such interventions were frequently ineffective because they were either delivered in part or not at all, demonstrating a lack of fidelity, or because little attention had been paid to their development, content, and mode of delivery. This commentary seeks to highlight the latest methodological advances in the field of intervention development, drawing on health psychology literature, together with guidance from key organisations and research consortia which are setting standards for development and reporting. Those working within pharmacy practice research can learn from the more systematic approach being advocated, and apply these methods to help generate evidence to support new services and professional roles.
KeywordsBehaviour change Intervention Theoretical domains framework
CA Cadogan is currently being supported by a project grant from the Dunhill Medical Trust [Grant No. R298/0513] focusing on the development of an intervention to improve appropriate polypharmacy in older people in primary care.
Conflicts of interest
- 6.Michie S, Atkins L, West R. The behaviour change wheel: a guide to designing interventions. 1st ed. London: Silverback Publishing; 2014.Google Scholar
- 8.Peters-Klimm F, Campbell S, Muller-Tasch T, Schellberg D, Gelbrich G, Herzog W, et al. Primary care-based multifaceted, interdisciplinary medical educational intervention for patients with systolic heart failure: lessons learned from a cluster randomised controlled trial. Trials. 2009;10:68.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- 9.Medical Research Council. A framework for the development and evaluation of RCTs for complex interventions to improve health, 2000.Google Scholar
- 10.Medical Research Council. Developing and evaluating complex interventions: new guidance, 2008.Google Scholar
- 14.Michie S, West R, Campbell R, Brown J, Gaisforth H. ABC of behaviour change theories. 1st ed. London: Silverback Publishing; 2014.Google Scholar
- 18.Michie S, Richardson M, Johnston M, Abraham C, Francis J, Hardeman W, et al. The behavior change technique taxonomy (v1) of 93 hierarchically clustered techniques: building an international consensus for the reporting of behaviour change interventions. Ann Behav Med. 2013;46:81–95.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 21.French SD, McKenzie JE, O’Connor DA, Grimshaw JM, Mortimer D, Francis JJ, et al. Evaluation of a theory-informed implementation intervention for the management of acute lower back pain in general medical practice: the implement cluster randomised trial. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e65471.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- 27.Workgroup for Intervention Development and Evaluation Reporting (WIDER). Improving reporting of behavioural interventions: WIDER consensus statement, 2009. http://interventiondesign.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2009/02/wider-recommendations.pdf.
- 28.Albrecht L, Archibald M, Arseneau D, Scott SD. Development of a checklist to assess the quality of reporting of knowledge translation interventions using the Workgroup for Intervention Development and Evaluation Research (WIDER) recommendations. Implement Sci. 2013;8:52.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar