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International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy

, Volume 36, Issue 3, pp 636–647 | Cite as

Assessment of satisfaction with pharmaceutical services in patients receiving antiretroviral therapy in outpatient HIV treatment setting

  • Kenneth Anene AguEmail author
  • Dorothy Oqua
  • Peter Agada
  • Samuel I. Ohiaeri
  • Afusat Adesina
  • Mohammed Habeeb Abdulkareem
  • Rosalyn C. King
  • Anthony K. Wutoh
Research Article

Abstract

Background The patient’s perception and satisfaction are increasingly considered as a useful factor in the assessment of competency of health care providers and quality of care. However, these patient focused assessments are largely ignored when assessing health care outcomes. Objective The study assessed the perception and satisfaction of patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) with pharmaceutical services received in outpatient HIV treatment settings. Setting Seventeen HIV treatment centres in Nigeria. Methods This cross-sectional survey included 2,700 patients randomly selected from 26,319 HIV patients on ART, who received pharmaceutical services in the study setting. A study-specific Likert-type instrument was administered to the participants at point of exit from the pharmacy. Midpoint of the 5-point scale was computed and scores above it were regarded as positive while below as negative. Chi-square was used for inferential statistics. All reported p values were 2-sided at 95 % confidence interval (CI). Main outcome measure Patient satisfaction with pharmaceutical services. Results Of 2,700 patients sampled, data from 1,617 (59.9 %) were valid for analysis; 62.3 % were aged 26–40 years and 65.4 % were females. The participants had received pharmaceutical services for a mean duration of 25.2 (95 % CI 24.3–26.1) months. Perception of participants regarding the appearance of pharmacy was positive while that regarding the pharmacists’ efforts to solve patients’ medication related problems was negative. The participants’ rating of satisfaction with the waiting time to access pharmaceutical services was negative; the satisfaction decreases with increasing waiting time. However, the satisfaction with the overall quality of pharmaceutical services received was rated as positive; 90.0 % reported that they got the kind of pharmaceutical services they wanted; 98.2 % would come back to the pharmacy if they were to seek help again and would recommend services to others. The level of satisfaction was found to be associated with educational status of the participants (p = 0.006) unlike age, sex, marital and employment status. Conclusion The satisfaction with overall quality of pharmaceutical services received by participants was positive. Longer waiting times resulted in lower patient satisfaction. High patient load may be the cause of the long waiting time and the inadequate duration of interaction between pharmacist and the patient.

Keywords

HIV/AIDS Nigeria Patients Perception Pharmaceutical care Satisfaction Services 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We wish to acknowledge all staff of HU PACE in Nigeria and USA who have supported in the implementation of the pharmacy component of the GHAIN Project. We also acknowledge the contribution of focal pharmacists who supported the direct provision of pharmaceutical care to patients in the health facilities.

Funding

Support for this paper was provided by Global HIV/AIDS Initiative in Nigeria (GHAIN) with funds from the US President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEP-FAR) through US Agency for International Development (USAID) Cooperative Agreement No. 620-A-00-04- 00122-00. The views expressed in this publication are that of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of FHI360 and Howard University Pharmacists and Continuing Education (HU PACE) Center.

Conflicts of interest

The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.

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Copyright information

© Koninklijke Nederlandse Maatschappij ter bevordering der Pharmacie 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth Anene Agu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dorothy Oqua
    • 1
  • Peter Agada
    • 1
  • Samuel I. Ohiaeri
    • 1
  • Afusat Adesina
    • 1
  • Mohammed Habeeb Abdulkareem
    • 1
  • Rosalyn C. King
    • 2
  • Anthony K. Wutoh
    • 2
  1. 1.Pharmacist and Continuing Education (PACE) CenterHoward UniversityGarki AbujaNigeria
  2. 2.College of Pharmacy, Pharmacist and Continuing Education (PACE) CenterHoward UniversityWashingtonUSA

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