International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy

, Volume 36, Issue 3, pp 623–629 | Cite as

Impact of generic substitution practice on care of diabetic patients

  • Olubukola O. OyetundeEmail author
  • Bolajoko A. Aina
  • Fola Tayo
Research Article


Background Patients with chronic diseases like type II diabetes mellitus often have their prescriptions substituted with generic medicines in the course of care to save costs of medicines and to improve access. There is need to assess impact of this practice on patient care. Objective To assess patient’s knowledge of generic substitution practice and its impact on patient care. Setting An outpatient diabetic clinic of a tertiary hospital in Nigeria. Method The study is a cross sectional survey of patients attending a diabetic clinic. A structured questionnaire was used to interview willing patients. A total of 120 patients were enrolled for the study, but only 102 responded (85 % overall response rate). Main outcome measures: Patients’ knowledge of generic substitution practice, patients’ report of abstaining from drug use, experiences of more side effects and patients’ confusion. Results Over half (57.8 %) of surveyed patients (n = 59) had noticed brand switches, out of which, 30.5 % experienced brand switches more than 3 times within a year. More than a third of the respondents (38.6 %) did not know when pharmacists actually substituted their medicines. About one in five (19.6 %) patients did not use their medicines after substitution because they were not sure of the brand supplied but 35.6 % have rejected substitution at one time and insisted on doctors’ prescription. Respondents (14.9 %) agreed that brand substitution resulted in confusion while 24 % reported receiving brands that resulted in more side effects. More respondents (58.6 %) indicated that they never had a discussion with their pharmacists about the reasons for generic substitution and switches. Conclusion Generic substitution without adequate information resulted in confusion and subsequent lack of adherence. There is the vital need for appropriate policy and guidelines for generic substitution in Nigeria.


Diabetes mellitus Generics Generic substitution Nigeria Patient care 



The authors wish to thank all the physicians and nurses in charge of the diabetic clinic of Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria. We are also grateful to all the patients who agreed to be interviewed.


No external funding was obtained for this study.

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they do not have any conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Koninklijke Nederlandse Maatschappij ter bevordering der Pharmacie 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olubukola O. Oyetunde
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bolajoko A. Aina
    • 1
  • Fola Tayo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Biopharmacy, Faculty of PharmacyUniversity of LagosLagosNigeria

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