International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy

, Volume 35, Issue 2, pp 289–295 | Cite as

A medication assessment tool to evaluate adherence to medication guideline in asthmatic children

  • Hui-Ping Liu
  • Hsiang-Yin Chen
  • Julienne Johnson
  • You-Meei LinEmail author
Research Article


Objective Asthma is one of the commonest causes of morbidity and mortality in childhood. The goals of the present study were to design a valid medication assessment tool for evaluating the quality of medication use according to recommendations of updated asthma guidelines for children aged from 5 to 12 years, and to quantify adherence to guideline recommendations. Setting Two primary care settings in Scotland, UK. Methods Recommendations related to the long-term management of asthmatic children in the British Thoracic Society/Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network and Global Initiative for Asthma guidelines were identified and corresponding criteria were created. These criteria were incorporated to generate an assessment tool named MAT ASTHMA-PAED. Two phases of field-testing were undertaken and the tool was also subject to examination by a focus group of specialist practitioners. Thereafter, MAT ASTHMA-PAED was modified accordingly. Main outcome measure Applicability and adherence to each criterion and overall adherence to the MAT ASTHMA-PAED. Results The MAT ASTHMA-PAED field-testing was undertaken in two primary care practices in Scotland, United Kingdom and 77 asthmatic children were recruited. Results of the pilot study field-testing showed a high overall adherence of 70.0 % (95 % CI: 58.7–81.3 %) to the guidelines. Low adherence (<50 %) was seen for 4 criteria, whereas 8 criteria were considered high-adherence criteria (>70 %). The final MAT ASTHMA-PAED comprised of 25 criteria was produced based on the results of field testing and the opinions from the focus group. Conclusion Although high utility of MAT ASTHMA-PAED criteria was found, there were gaps in the implementation of certain recommendations, particularly in relation to demonstrated satisfactory technique of inhaler. Moreover, further studies assessing the use of oral steroids and exercise-induced asthma, and wider implementation of MAT ASTHMA-PAED are required.


Asthma Asthma guidelines Children Medication assessment tool Scotland 



The authors would like to give the sincerest thanks and memory to the late Professor Steve Hudson, for his guidance to the study. The authors also thank Richard Lowrie, Victoria Hunt, and Sheila Tennant for making all of the arrangements for data collection at the primary settings. Thanks are also extended to Jacqui William, manager of the Elmwood practice, and the staff at the Elmwood Practice and the Mearns Practice where the field-testing was undertaken.



Conflicts of interests

The authors have declared no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hui-Ping Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hsiang-Yin Chen
    • 2
    • 3
  • Julienne Johnson
    • 4
  • You-Meei Lin
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Pharmacy, Shuang Ho HospitalTaipei Medical UniversityTaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.School of Pharmacy, College of PharmacyTaipei Medical UniversityTaipeiTaiwan
  3. 3.Department of Pharmacy, Wan Fang HospitalTaipei Medical UniversityTaipeiTaiwan
  4. 4.Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical SciencesUniversity of StrathclydeGlasgowUK

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