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International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy

, Volume 34, Issue 3, pp 460–467 | Cite as

Impact of an interactive workshop on community pharmacists’ beliefs toward patient care

  • Lisa M. GuirguisEmail author
  • Shao Lee
  • Ravina Sanghera
Research Article

Abstract

Background Patient assessment and documentation are less than optimal in pharmacy practice as preparing and dispensing medications is still a major part of community pharmacy practice. Pharmacists’ attitudes, specifically self-efficacy and role beliefs, toward practice have been shown to predict practice change. Objective This study will determine the impact of an interactive workshop on pharmacists’ attitudes toward assessment and documentation in routine pharmacy practice. Specific objectives included how (1) pharmacists’ role beliefs and self-efficacy toward assessment and documentation change after training and rehearsal and (2) frequently do pharmacists assess patient therapy and document patient care? Setting: “Chat, Check and Chart: patient assessment and documentation demystified” workshop Alberta College of Pharmacists Annual General Meeting in Calgary, Canada. Methods This study is pre–post evaluation. Quantitative data on self-efficacy and role beliefs toward assessment and documentation was gathered from a validated written survey. Surveys were completed before and after the intervention. The intervention, an interactive workshop, focused on the use of three tools practice and was designed to support pharmacists in achieving the assessment and documentation required by the Alberta College of Pharmacists Standards for Practice. Main outcome measure: Pharmacists’ role beliefs and self-efficacy toward assessment and documentation in patient care. Results Of the 61 eligible pharmacists, the response rate was 61 % (37 pharmacists) with complete data. In the past 2 weeks, 54 % of pharmacists were assessing patients and 32.6 % of pharmacists were documenting greater than half the time. Prior to the workshop, pharmacists “agreed” (5.42 ± 1.41) with their role in patient assessment and they were “quite sure” (4.75 ± 1.10) they could assess patients. Pharmacists “agreed” (5.13 ± 0.890) with their overall role in documentation of patient interactions and reported lower self-efficacy (3.88 ± 1.32) for their ability to document patient interactions. After the interactive workshop, there were statistically significant increases in pharmacists’ self-efficacy and role beliefs in regards to both patient assessment and documentation (p < 0.05). Conclusion This brief interactive workshop increased both self-efficacy and role beliefs towards assessment and documentation, indicating these pharmacists are likely to change future practice. Future research will assess practice uptake and implementation.

Keywords

Community pharmacy Documentation Intervention Patient assessment Pharmacist Pharmacist role-beliefs Pharmacist self-efficacy Pharmacist training 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Anita Cumbleton and Andrew Wong, pharmacy students from the University of Alberta, Canada, were instrumental in conducting the research and analysis.

Funding

We would like to acknowledge the Alberta College of Pharmacists for supporting the training workshop.

Conflicts of interest

None.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences 3-171, Edmonton Clinic Health AcademyUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada
  2. 2.Alberta College of PharmacistsEdmontonCanada

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