Health promotion and education activities of community pharmacists in Kuwait
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Objectives To investigate self-reported practice of pharmacists regarding health promotion and education activities, explore the barriers that may limit their involvement in health promotion and education, and identify their willingness to participate in continuing education programs related to health education. Setting Community pharmacies in Kuwait. Method A descriptive cross-sectional study was performed using a pre-tested questionnaire on a sample of 223 community pharmacists. Main outcome measures The extent of the pharmacists’ involvement in counselling patients about health promotion and education topics, their preparation to counsel patients in health promotion and education topics, and their perceived success in changing the patients’ health behaviour. Results The response rate was 92%. Information on medication use was the most frequent reason for consumers seeking community pharmacists’ advice. The majority of respondents believed that behaviour related to the proper use of drugs was very important. There was less agreement on the importance of other health behaviours. Respondents indicated they were involved in counselling patients on health behaviours related to use of drugs as prescribed/directed, weight management, medicine contents and side effects, diet modification and stress reduction, but were less involved in counselling on other health behaviours. Respondents’ perception of themselves as “most prepared” to counsel patients closely reflected their involvement. Pharmacists reported high levels of success in helping patients to achieve improvements in using their drugs properly compared to low levels in changing patients’ personal health behaviours. The majority of respondents believed that pharmacists had a responsibility for counselling consumers on health behaviours (97%, 95% CI 95–99%), and indicated their willingness to learn more about health promotion (84%, 78–88%). Lack of pharmacists’ time was reported by about 58% of respondents as the major barrier limiting pharmacists’ provision of health promotion. Conclusion The role of community pharmacists in health promotion and education is primarily focused on pharmaceutical issues rather than health behaviour modification. The majority of respondents have a positive attitude towards counseling the population on health behaviours and indicated their willingness to learn more about health promotion.
KeywordsCommunity pharmacist Health education Health promotion Kuwait
We appreciate the work done by the data collectors; without their effort the study would not have been completed. We owe a gratitude to Pharmacist Mai Al-Thauwaini for the help in pre-testing of the questionnaire. We thank Professor Hannes Enlund for revising this manuscript.
Conflicts of interest statement
Authors have no conflicts of interest with regard to the data produced.
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