Medical doctors’ perceptions and expectations of the role of hospital pharmacists in Sudan
- 298 Downloads
To investigate medical practitioners’ perceptions, expectations and experience with the role of hospital-based pharmacists in Sudan.
Teaching hospitals in Khartoum State, Sudan.
A self-administered, pre-tested, structured questionnaire was distributed to 300 randomly chosen medical practitioners of different grades and specialities in four teaching hospitals in Khartoum State. The questionnaire consisted of closed-ended questions.
Main outcome measures
The level of medical practitioners comfort to, and their expectations and experience of, a range of pharmacist roles and activities.
The response rate was 66.7%. One-half (50.0%; 95% CI: 42.9–57.2%) of respondents never or rarely had interaction with pharmacists with regard to patient’s medication, 36.9% (CI: 30.2–44.0%) and 13.1% (CI: 8.9–18.8%) had this type of contact once per week or once a day or more, respectively. Respondents were most comfortable with pharmacists: Detecting and preventing prescription errors (49.2%; CI: 42.0–56.5); monitoring outcomes of pharmacotherapeutic regimens and plans (45.9%; CI: 38.8–53.2); designing and monitoring pharmacotherapeutic regimens (43.4%; CI: 36.4–50.8) and suggesting use of prescription medications to physicians (40.3%; CI: 33.3–47.8). Respondents were least comfortable with pharmacists suggesting the use of certain prescription medications to patients (52.8% ‘uncomfortable’; CI: 45.6–59.9). Respondents’ expectations of pharmacists were positive for most domains.
Respondents appeared receptive to most statements regarding expectations of pharmacists, suggesting that many elements of patient-centred pharmaceutical care could be introduced with the co-operation of physicians. A key to extending the role of pharmacists in Sudan teaching hospitals should involve making pharmacists more accessible to doctors and patients, ideally, supported by an organised program of continuing professional development.
KeywordsPharmacists’ role Doctors’ perception Hospital pharmacist Sudan Role
We appreciate the hard work in data collection that was achieved by pharmacists Hossam Himad and Khansa Abdelhamid without whose effort the study would not have been completed. The data collection was conducted in Khartoum State, Sudan. Data analysis and manuscript writing were undertaken in Faculty of Pharmacy, Kuwait University.
- 3.Rovers JP, Currie JD, Hagel HP, McDonough RP, Sobatka JL. A practice guide to pharmaceutical care. Washington, D.C: Published by American Pharmaceutical Association; 2003. ISBN 1-58212-049-8.Google Scholar
- 4.Paul L. Ranelli and June Biss. Physicians’ perception of communication with and responsibilities of pharmacists. J Am Pharm Assoc 2000;40(5):625–30.Google Scholar
- 5.Tanskanen P, Jakala J, Airaksinen M, et al. Physicians’ view on co-operation with community pharmacists in Finland. J Soc Adm Pharm 1997;14:220–9.Google Scholar
- 6.Plagakis J. Don’t call me, call the doc. Drug Trop 1997;141(11):67.Google Scholar
- 7.Mitchell JL. Building cooperation with physicians: an interview with Charles Fortner. Am Pharm 1990;NS30:24–6.Google Scholar
- 8.Martin S. In the physician’s office: an interview with W. Ray Burns. Am Pharm 1989;NS29:17–9.Google Scholar
- 9.Hirsch JD, Gagnon JP, Camp R. Value of pharmacy services: perceptions of consumers, physicians, and third party prescription plan administrators. Am Pharm 1990;NS30:20–5.Google Scholar
- 10.Herrier RN, Boyce RW. Why won’t physicians accept my advice? J Am Pharm Assoc 1996;NS36(4,9):224,547–8, 573–4.Google Scholar
- 11.Sardinah C. Physician groups embrace pharmacists: collaborations that work. J Manag Care Pharm 1997;3:526–30.Google Scholar
- 12.Haxby DG, Weart CW, Goodman BW Jr. Family practice physicians’ perceptions of the usefulness of drug therapy recommendations from clinical pharmacists. Am J Hosp Pharm 1988;45:834–7.Google Scholar
- 14.Campbell RK, Saulie BA. Providing pharmaceutical care in a physician office. J Am Pharm Assoc 1998;38:495–9.Google Scholar
- 17.United Nations Development Program. The Human Development Report 2004. New York: UNDP, 2004.Google Scholar
- 18.World Health Organization (2005). Country profiles-Sudan. http://www.Who.int/countries/sdn.