Piperazine rings are important heterocyclic targets in organic synthesis and are useful synthetic intermediates or intricate parts of biologically active molecules. In our efforts, a series of piperazine derivatives has been prepared discovering new classes of antimicrobial agents, including bis(phthalimido)piperazine, bis(3-aminopropyl) piperazine, 2,3-dihydro-phthalazine-1,4-dione, and bis(3,4-aminophenol)piperazine. The synthesized antimicrobial agents have been studied using various spectroscopic techniques. Furthermore, these compounds have been screened for their in vitro antimicrobial activity against selected bacterial and fungal strains. Three compounds exhibited mild to good antibacterial activity, but somewhat lower antifungal activity against tested microbial strains.
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The authors would like to thank the Vice Chancellor of the University of Sargodha and Prof. J. Kressler (Institute fur Chemie, Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg, Halle (Saale), Germany) for their moral and excellent technical support regarding this work.