Pastoral Psychology

, Volume 68, Issue 3, pp 345–356 | Cite as

The God Mysticism Scale: a Brief Version

  • W. Paul Williamson
  • Ralph W. HoodJr
  • Zhuo Job ChenEmail author


This paper presents two studies concerned with developing a brief version of the 32-item God Mysticism Scale (GMS; Hood Jr. and Williamson Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 19(3), 232–244, 2000). Study 1 submitted 12 representative items from the GMS to an exploratory factor analysis and found a two-factor solution (Interpretation, 6 items; Experience, 6 items) that was used to constitute the God Mysticism Scale-Brief (GMS-B). Study 2 examined the construct validity of the GMS-B through a confirmatory factor analysis. The two-factor solution was confirmed, and fit indices revealed a good fit of the model to the data. Other analyses of the GMS-B found sufficient internal consistency (Study 1, Interpretation, α = .94, Experience, α = .86; Study 2, Interpretation, α = .93, Experience, α = .84) and preliminary evidence for criterion validity with religious and spirituality measures. The two studies together indicate that the GMS-B is well grounded in theory, psychometrically sound, and useful as an economic measure of mysticism in God language.


Mysticism God mysticism Religious orientation Spirituality Scale construction 



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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Paul Williamson
    • 1
  • Ralph W. HoodJr
    • 2
  • Zhuo Job Chen
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Henderson State UniversityArkadelphiaUSA
  2. 2.University of Tennessee at ChattanoogaChattanoogaUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyClemson UniversityClemsonUSA

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