Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Raman scattering and self-steepening in nonlinear plasmonic waveguide pulse equation

  • 11 Accesses

Abstract

In this paper, we use Maxwell equations and the first order perturbation theory to obtain pulse propagation equation in a plasmonic waveguide made of nonlinear dielectric material. In this study, the effects of nonlinear self-steepening and Raman scattering are considered. Nonlinear coefficients of phase modulation, Raman and self-steepening are calculated numerically in terms of frequency and compared with a standard silica fiber. Obtained values of the nonlinear coefficients are about up to 300 times larger than that of standard silica optical fibers. So they can be used as part of all optical integrated circuit such as continuum generation, optical switching and frequency conversion.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9

References

  1. Agrawal, G.P.: Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 5th edn. Academic Press, USA (2013)

  2. Atwater, H.A.: The Promise of Plasmonics. Sci. Am. 296, 56–63 (2007)

  3. Jahromi, L.M., Hatami, M. CW all optical self switching in nonlinear chalcogenide nano plasmonic directional coupler. Opt. Commun. 412, 108–113 (2018)

  4. Kauranen, M., Zayats, A.V.: Nonlinear plasmonics. Nat. Photon. 6, 737-748 (2012)

  5. Lua, Q., Zoub, C., Chena, D., Zhoua, P., Wu, G.: Extreme light confinement and low loss in triangle hybrid plasmonic waveguide. Opt. Commun. 319, 141–146 (2014)

  6. Maier, S.A.: Plasmonics: Fundamental and Applications, 1st edn. Springer, Berlin (2007)

  7. Muhammad, Z., Alam, J., Aitchison, S., Mojahedi, M.: A marriage of convenience: Hybridization of surface plasmon and dielectric waveguide modes. Laser Photon. Rev. 8, 394–408 (2014)

  8. Rukhlenko I.D., Asanka, P., Malin, P.: Exact dispersion relation for nonlinear plasmonic waveguides. Phys. Rev. B. 84(11), 1–4 (2011)

  9. Sharma, B., Frontiera, R., Henry, A., Ringe, E., van Duyne, R.P.: SERS: materials, applications and the future. Mater. Today 15, 16–25 (2012)

  10. Snyder, A.W., Love, J.: Optical Waveguide Theory, 1st edn, p. 376. Chapman and Hall, London (1983)

  11. Yang, R., Abushagur, M.A.G., Lu, Z.: Efficiently squeezing near infrared light into a 21 nm-by-24 nm nanospot. Opt. Express 16, 20142–20148 (2008)

  12. Yang, H.U., D’Archange, J., Sundheimer, M.L., Tucker, E., Boreman, G.D., Raschke, M.B.: Optical dielectric function of silver. Phys. Rev. 91, 1–11 (2015)

  13. Zhao, H., Li, Y., Zhang, G.: Study on the performance of bimetallic layer dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides. J. Opt. 13, 1–6 (2011)

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Mohsen Hatami.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Dehghani, M., Hatami, M. Raman scattering and self-steepening in nonlinear plasmonic waveguide pulse equation. Opt Quant Electron 52, 124 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11082-020-2241-x

Download citation

Keywords

  • Nonlinear plasmonic waveguide
  • Nonlinear optics
  • Raman scattering
  • Self-steepening