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Rapid analysis of marble treatments by laser induced fluorescence

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Abstract

Nowadays scientific study of Cultural Heritage accompanies most of the time historical artistic evaluation and an assessment of the conservation state by humanistic experts and restorers. Several laboratory methods with high sensitivity are well established (ICP-MS, FTIR,…), and many methods for in situ rough characterization of large surface are widely diffused (thermovision, UV photography,…), in addition to instrumentation for punctual analysis to be applied also in field (XRF, colorimetry,…). However, the request for systems that can provide rapid detailed characterization on large surface in any storage conditions is still a hot topic. This is combined with the ever-increasing demand for digital material for documentation, fruition and study. Laser-based systems, and in particular Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF), Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy, due to the characteristics of these sources and the detectors to which they can be coupled, respond well to these needs. The TECFIS-DIM (Diagnostic and Metrology) Laboratory of the ENEA center of Frascati (Rome, Italy) in the last decade has put an effort to develop more and more compact and efficient laser systems for in situ material characterization on cultural heritage surfaces. Here two prototypal LIF systems have been used to characterize marble surfaces treated with ancient and modern materials and a rapid recognition and mapping method has been developed and tested thanks to the individuation of discriminant spectral features. Results are reported on test samples created in lab with known substances and in situ on real artworks.

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Acknowledgements

The present work has been carried out in the frame of the regional projects COBRA (Latium Region under Grant agreement lr13, n.1031) and ADAMO (Research Project on Technologies of Analysis, Diagnostics and Monitoring for the preservation and restoration of Cultural Heritage, in the Centre of Excellence of the District of Technologies for Culture of Latium Region). We thank the director and the staff of the National Roman Museum of Palazzo Altemps for the availability and the colleagues M. Pistilli for the logistic support and R. D’Amato for the collaboration in sample preparation.

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Correspondence to V. Spizzichino.

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This article is part of the Topical Collection on Fundamentals of Laser Assisted Micro- and Nanotechnologies.

Guest edited by Tigran Vartanyan, Vadim Veiko, Andrey Belikov and Eugene Avrutin.

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Spizzichino, V., Bertani, L., Caneve, L. et al. Rapid analysis of marble treatments by laser induced fluorescence. Opt Quant Electron 52, 117 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11082-020-2235-8

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Keywords

  • Laser spectroscopies
  • Laser induced fluorescence (LIF)
  • Marble
  • Patinas
  • Polymers