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Electronic polarizability, optical basicity and mechanical properties of aluminum lead phosphate glasses

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Abstract

A series of aluminum, lead phosphate glasses with chemical composition 70P2O5–5Al2O3–(25-x) Na2O-x PbO, where x = (0, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 mol%) have been prepared and synthesized using a conventional melting method. The structural analysis has been performed using FTIR techniques. FT-IR confirmed that PbO4, and AlO4 are structural units. The optical absorption spectra have been studied and the optical band gap has been estimated. The optical band gap increases with increasing the concentration of PbO. The physical parameters such as density, electronegativity (χ), electron polarizability (α°), optical basicity (˄), molar refractivity Rm, molar polarizability αm, urbach energy (Eu) and elastic moduli are increased.

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Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to Al-Azhar University for supporting with the experimental measurements. In addition, the authors thank the Deanship of Scientific Research at King Khalid University (KKU) for funding this research project, Number: (R.G.P2./22/40) under research center for advanced material science.

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Correspondence to Kh. S. Shaaban.

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Shaaban, K.S., Wahab, E.A.A., Shaaban, E.R. et al. Electronic polarizability, optical basicity and mechanical properties of aluminum lead phosphate glasses. Opt Quant Electron 52, 125 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11082-020-2191-3

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Keywords

  • Lead phosphate glasses
  • FT-IR
  • Mechanical properties
  • Optical band gap