Color optimization of red OLEDs via periodic and gradient deposition rate of fluorescent dopants
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We have investigated a method to enhance the light emission efficiency and color tuning for mixture of dyes with varying the growth parameters, during Alq3:Nile Red deposition. We used solvent bath and green laser (532 nm) for improvement of the performance of devices. This paper presents two kind of evaporation method, periodic and gradient. We observed that periodic emission layers can greatly improve the device performances such as electroluminescence, chromaticity coordinates, luminance, and reduced the turn on voltage. The periodic 3 structure with evaporation rate of (0.1 → 3 → 2 → 3 → 2 → 0.1 A°/s) has a luminance of 3000 cd/m2 and maximum efficiency of 1.8 cd/A at 18 V which are the highest values among devices.
KeywordsColor tuning Periodic and gradient evaporation Solvent bath Green laser
The author would like to thank the Urmia University of Technology and Shahid Beheshti University for supporting this work.
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