Design and engineering of dispersion and loss in photonic crystal fiber 1 × 4 power splitter (PCFPS) based on hole size alteration and optofluidic infiltration
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We have presented a technique based on optofluidic infiltration and air-holes diameter variation together to design a 1 × 4 photonic crystal fiber power splitter (PCFPS) which have very low dispersion (D): (0 ≤ D ≤ 2.5 (ps/nm/km) and very low loss (L): 0 ≤ L ≤ 0.025(dB/cm) in a wide range of wavelengths (1100–1700 nm). This approach allows us to control the dispersion of the fundamental mode in a PCF beam splitter by choosing appropriate refractive indices for liquids and suitable diameters for air-holes in PCF power splitter. In fact, the techniques, used in this paper are complementary of each other and give us more excellent results which are better than other reported results in researchers’ works so far. In this work, a new design of 1 × 4 photonic crystal fiber power splitter is proposed by using beam propagation method. An optical Gaussian signal at a wavelength of third communication window range (1550 nm) is inserted into the central core and equally is divided into four core (25% of the total input power interred to each core). In addition, the physical behavior of coupling characteristics is obtained by using coupled mode analysis. Numerical simulations show that input optical signal can be equally divided in photonic crystal fiber structure with low dispersion and low loss. The total size of proposed PCFPS is 30 µm × 30 µm × 1.2 mm, too.
KeywordsOptofluidic infiltration Air-holes diameter variation PCFPS Third communication window range
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