Advertisement

Suppression of four-wave mixing in a 22 × 10 Gbps dense wavelength division multiplexed system by linearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings

  • Chiranjit GhoshEmail author
  • Vishnu Priye
Article
  • 35 Downloads

Abstract

A scheme comprising two linearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings (LCFBGs) is proposed to suppress four-wave mixing (FWM) effects in a 22×10 Gbps dense wavelength division multiplexed (DWDM) system employing dispersion shifted fiber with 0.2 nm channel spacing. The FWM reduction in our proposed scheme has been studied by varying the input signal power per channel from − 2 to + 10 dBm. The parameters of LCFBGs are optimized to obtain a maximum quality factor for all 22 channels. The proposed method is effective even at high input power (10 dBm) and provides a simple, cost effective way to improve the transmission performance in DWDM system.

Keywords

Dispersion Chirped fiber Bragg gratings Dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) Channel spacing Four wave mixing (FWM) 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY), Government of India under the Visvesvaraya PhD scheme for Electronics and IT.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

References

  1. Agrawal, G.P.: Application of Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd edn. Academic Press, Boston (2008)Google Scholar
  2. Agrawal, G.P.: Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, 4th edn. Wiley, New York (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cao, W.: Large predispersion for reduction of intrachannel nonlinear impairments in strongly dispersion-managed transmission. Opt. Fiber Technol. 29, 13–19 (2016)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. Dar, A.B., Jha, R.K.: Chromatic dispersion compensation techniques and characterization of fiber Bragg grating for dispersion compensation. Opt. Quant. Electron. 49(108), 1–35 (2017a)ADSGoogle Scholar
  5. Dar, A.B., Jha, R.K.: Design and comparative performance analysis of different chirping profiles of tanh apodized fiber Bragg grating and comparison with the dispersion compensation fiber for long-haul transmission system. J. Mod. Opt. 64(6), 555–566 (2017b)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. Ennser, K., Zervas, M.N., Laming, R.I.: Optimization of apodized linearly chirped fiber Gratings for optical communications. IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 770–778 (1998)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. Forghieri, F., Tkach, R.W., Chraplyvy, A.R., Marcuse, D.: Reduction of four-wave mixing crosstalk in WDM systems using unequally spaced channels. IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 6, 754–756 (1994)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. Gao, S., Yang, C., Jin, G.: Analysis of power-dependent phase-matched four-wave mixing in dispersion-managed transmission systems. Appl. Opt. 42, 7126–7131 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. Ghosh, C., Priye, V.: Dispersion compensation in a 24 × 20 Gbps DWDM system by cascaded chirped FBGs. Opt. Int. J. Light Electron Opt. 164, 335–344 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Karlik, S.E.: Analysis of the four-wave mixing impact on the most heavily affected channels of dense and ultra-dense wavelength division multiplexing systems using non-zero dispersion shifted fibers. Opt. Int. J. Light Electron Opt. 127, 7469–7486 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Lawan, S.H., Mohammad, A.B.: Reduction of four wave mixing efficiency in DWDM systems using optimal PMD. Opt. Quant. Electron. 50(91), 1–12 (2018)Google Scholar
  12. Li, P., Shuisheng, J., Fengping, Y., Tigang, N., Zhi, W.: Long haul WDM system through conventional single mode optical fiber with dispersion compensation by chirped fiber Bragg grating. Opt. Commun. 222, 169–178 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. Markowski, K., Chorchos, L., Turkiewicz, J.P.: Influence of four-wave mixing in short- and medium-range 1310 nm dense wavelength division multiplexing systems. Appl. Opt. 55, 3051–3057 (2016)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. Mohammed, N.A., Solaiman, M., Aly, M.H.: Design and performance evaluation of a dispersion compensation unit using several chirping functions in a tanh apodized FBG and comparison with dispersion compensation fiber. Appl. Opt. 53, H239–H247 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Neokosmidis, I., Kamalakis, T., Chipouras, A., Sphicopoulos, T.: New techniques for the suppression of the four-wave mixing-induced distortion in nonzero dispersion fiber WDM systems. J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1137–1144 (2005)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. Sharma, V., Kaur, R.: Implementation of DWDM system in the presence of four wave mixing (FWM) under the impact of channel spacing. Opt. Int. J. Light Electron Opt. 124, 3112–3114 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Singh, A., Sharma, A.K., Kamal, T.S.: Investigation on modified FWM suppression methods in DWDM optical communication system. Opt. Commun. 282, 392–395 (2009)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. Song, S., Allen, C.T., Demarest, K.R., Hui, R.: Intensity-dependent phase-matching effects on four-wave mixing in optical fibers. J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2285–2290 (1999)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronics EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines)DhanbadIndia

Personalised recommendations