Advertisement

Supercontinuum generation with femtosecond optical pulse compression in silicon photonic crystal fibers at 2500 nm

  • Ashkan Ghanbari
  • Alireza Kashaninia
  • Ali Sadr
  • Hamed Saghaei
Article

Abstract

In this paper, femtosecond optical pulses compression and supercontinuum generation in a triangular silicon photonic crystal fiber at 2500 nm are investigated. A region of large minimum anomalous group velocity dispersion, negligible higher order dispersions and unique nonlinearity of silicon are used to demonstrate compression of 100 fs initial input optical pulses to 2.5 fs and ultra-broadband supercontinuum generation with very low input pulse energy over short distances of the fiber.

Keywords

Soliton Compression Dispersion Photonic Crystal 

References

  1. Ahamad, R.: Mid infrared super-continuum generation in photonic crystal fibers. MSc Thesis, Czech Technical University (2016)Google Scholar
  2. Anitha, P., Manimegalai, A.: Ultra short pulse generation at 1550 nm using a tapered PCF. Int. J. Comput. Appl. 74(7), 11–13 (2013)Google Scholar
  3. Bowmans, G., Bigot, L., Lopez, F., Douay, M.: Fabrication and characterization of an all solid 2D photonic band gap fiber with a low loss region around 1550nm. Opt. Exp 13(21), 8452–8459 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cerif, R., Zghal, M.: Nonlinear phenomena ultra-wide band radiation in a photonic crystal fiber. J. Opt. 26(17), 1–7 (2011)Google Scholar
  5. Cizmeciyan, M.N., Kim, J.W., Bae, S., Hong, B.H., Routermund, F., Sennarouglu, A.: Graphene mode-locked femtosecond cr:znse at 2500 nm. JOSA 38(3), 341–343 (2013)Google Scholar
  6. Dimitre, G.O., Hensley, J., Geata, A.L., Gallagher, M.T.: Soliton pulse compression in photonic band gap fibers. Opt. Exp. 13(16), 6153–6159 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Diuf, M., Salem, A.B., Cherif, R., Saghaei, H.: Super flat coherent supercontinuum source in AS38.8Se61.2 chalcogenide photonic crystal fiber with all normal dispersion engineering at very low input energy. Appl. Opt. 56(2), 163–169 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ferreira, M.F.S.: Nonlinear Effects in Optical Fibers. Wiley, Hoboken (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ghanbari, A.: Femtosecond optical pulses compression by use of photonic crystal fibers. M.Sc. Thesis, Islamic Azad University of Qazvin (2012)Google Scholar
  10. Ghanbari, A., Sadr, A., Nikoo, M.: Maximization of compression factor and bandwidth of femtosecond optical pulses by use of frequency chirping in photonic crystal fibers. TJEE 43(2), 32–41 (2013)Google Scholar
  11. Ghanbari, A., Sadr, A., Tathesari, H.: Modeling photonic crystal fibers for efficient soliton effect compression pf femtosecond optical pulses at 850nm. Arab. J. Sci. Eng. 39(5), 3917–3923 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ghanbari, A., Kashani Nia, A., Sadr, A.: Square lattice elliptical core photonic crystal fiber soliton-effect compressor at 1550 nm. JCE 4(1), 29–40 (2015)Google Scholar
  13. Ghanbari, A., Kashani Nia, A., Sadr, A., Saghaei, H.: Supercontinuum generation for optical coherence tomography using magnesium fluoride photonic crystal fiber. Optik 140(114), 545–554 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Leong, J.Y.Y., Asimakis, S., Polleti, F., Petropoulous, P., Feng, X., Moore, R., Frampton, K., Ebendorff-Hedepriem, H., Richardson, D.J.: Novel Fabrication Method of Highly-Nonlinear Silica Holey Fibers, pp. 21–25. CLEO, Callifornia (2006)Google Scholar
  15. Li, G., Yaman, F.: Silicon Photonic Fiber and Method of Manufacture, No. 0092141. United States (US) Patent Application Publication (2010)Google Scholar
  16. Lin, L.Y.Q., Agrawal, G.P.: Soliton fission and supercontinuum generation in silicon waveguides. Opt. Lett. 32(4), 391–394 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Luther, B., Kuyken, B., Yu, I., Ma, P., Gai, X., Madden, S., Baets, R.: Nonlinear absorption in silicon at mid-infrared wavelengths. In: JOSA Conference Paper (2013)Google Scholar
  18. Maggie, C.Y., Chen, R.T.: One stage pulse compression at 1554 nm through highly anomalous dispersive photonic crystal fiber. Opt. Exp. 19(22), 21809–218011 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mohebbi, M.: Silicon photonic nanowire soliton-effect compressor at 1.5μm. IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(11), 921–924 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Mohebi, M., Khormai, H.: Effects of higher order dispersions on soliton-effect pulse compression in a silicon photonic nanowire. In: IEEE Conference (2011)Google Scholar
  21. Raja, R.V., Porsezian, K., Varshney, S.K.: Modeling photonic crystal fiber for efficient soliton pulse propagation at 850 nm. Sci. Direct 39(5), 5000–5006 (2010)Google Scholar
  22. Saghaei, H., Ghanbari, A.: White light generation using photonic crystal fiber with sub-micron circular lattice. J. Electr. Eng. 68(4), 282–289 (2017)Google Scholar
  23. Saghaei, H.: Modeling and simulation of nonlinear effects in dispersion engineered photonic crystal fibers for supercontinuum generation. Ph.D. Thesis, Islamic Azad Univesrity, Science and Research Branch, Tehran (2015)Google Scholar
  24. Saghaei, H., Koohi-kamali, F., Ebnali-Heidari, M., Moravvej-Farshi, M.K.: Super-Continuum Generation in Photonic Crystal Fiber Using Selective Opto-Fluidic Infiltration, pp. 106–110. ICOP, Tabriz (2012)Google Scholar
  25. Saghaei, H., Heidari, M.E., Farshi, K.M.: Mid infrared super-continuum generation via As2se3 chalcogenide photonic crystal fibers. Appl. Opt. J. 54(8), 2072–2079 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Yue, Y., Zhang, L., Huang, H.: Silicon-on-nitride waveguide with ultralow dispersion over an octave-spanning mid-infrared wavelength rang. IEEE Photonic J. 4(1), 126–132 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ashkan Ghanbari
    • 1
  • Alireza Kashaninia
    • 1
  • Ali Sadr
    • 2
  • Hamed Saghaei
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Central Tehran BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Faculty of Electrical and Electronics EngineeringIran University of Science and Technology (IUST)TehranIran
  3. 3.Department of Electrical Engineering, Shahrekord BranchIslamic Azad UniversityShahrekordIran

Personalised recommendations