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Optimization and Engineering

, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp 179–213 | Cite as

Optimal design and dispatch of a hybrid microgrid system capturing battery fade

  • Gavin Goodall
  • Michael Scioletti
  • Alex Zolan
  • Bharatkumar Suthar
  • Alexandra NewmanEmail author
  • Paul Kohl
Research Article
  • 49 Downloads

Abstract

Microgrids provide power to remote communities and at operational sites that are not connected to a grid. We consider such a microgrid that consists of batteries, photovoltaics, and diesel generators, and optimize the components it comprises and a corresponding dispatch strategy at hourly fidelity so as to minimize procurement, operations and maintenance, and fuel costs. The system is governed by constraints such as meeting demand and adhering to component interoperability and capability. Our contribution lies in the introduction to this optimization model of a set of constraints that incorporates capacity fade of a battery and temperature effects. We show, using data from a forward operating base and solving the corresponding instances for a time horizon of 8760 h, that higher temperatures decrease resistance, leading to better round-trip energy efficiency, but at the same time increase capacity fade of the battery, resulting in a higher overall operating cost. In some cases, the procurement strategy is robust to the fade of the battery, but fade can influence battery state of charge and power output as the available battery capacity degrades over time and with use.

Keywords

Design optimization Dispatch optimization Microgrids Batteries Mixed-integer linear programming Systems analysis 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Dr. Mark Spector, Office of Naval Research (ONR) for full support of this research effort under contract Award #N000141310839, and several anonymous referees whose comments significantly improved the paper.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gavin Goodall
    • 1
  • Michael Scioletti
    • 1
  • Alex Zolan
    • 2
  • Bharatkumar Suthar
    • 3
  • Alexandra Newman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Paul Kohl
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringColorado School of MinesGoldenUSA
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of Texas at AustinAustinUSA
  3. 3.School of Chemical and Biomolecular EngineeringGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA

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