Nonlinear Dynamics

, Volume 93, Issue 4, pp 1875–1897 | Cite as

A blind and robust video watermarking based on IWT and new 3D generalized chaotic sine map

  • Elhameh Farri
  • Peyman AyubiEmail author
Original Paper


In the modern world, high-bandwidth internet access has led to the theft of all types of digital data, including digital video, and their illegal distribution. The digital video watermarking technique was introduced late last century to enforce video copyright protection. In this paper, a robust blind and secure video watermarking method is presented based on integer wavelet transform and the generalized chaotic sine map. In this method, integer wavelet transform is applied to each main frame of the standard video. Basically, watermarking techniques are evaluated based on three concepts of content quality, data resilience and data capacity. Therefore, in order to guarantee the quality of the watermarked video, the watermark is inserted in low-frequency coefficients. An appropriate security level is added to increase the efficiency and functionality by chaotic map to watermark. In addition, the normalized correlation coefficient (NCC) between the main watermark and extraction watermark is used as the main criterion of resistance measurement. The results show that the proposed method is good in terms of both quality and resistance to a variety of attacks, and the NCC values obtained in most cases are 1 or very close to 1.


Video watermarking Copyright protection Integer wavelet transform (IWT) Singular value decomposition (SVD) Generalized chaotic sine map 


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Young Researchers and Elite Club, Urmia BranchIslamic Azad UniversityUrmiaIran
  2. 2.Department of Computer Engineering, Urmia BranchIslamic Azad UniversityUrmiaIran

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