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Urbanization and CO2 emissions in resource-exhausted cities: evidence from Xuzhou city, China

  • Shanshan Guo
  • Yanfang Zhang
  • Xiangyan Qian
  • Zhang Ming
  • Rui NieEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

In this paper, we discussed the different impacts of urbanization, technical factors and resource utilization on CO2 emissions. Specifically, we investigated the urbanization process of a typical resource-based city, Xuzhou, in China to learn more about how the urbanization development of resource-exhausted cities can affect the urban economy and environment. We examined the urbanization speed and quality and then employed the STIRPAT model to analyze the actual relationship between urbanization and CO2 emissions. The results indicate that there are inverted U-shaped relationships between CO2 emissions and economic growth, the urbanization rate (UR) and urbanization quality (UQ). This proves the existence of an Environmental Kuznets Curve in the case of a resource-exhausted city. In addition, a decoupling development has gradually occurred between urbanization and CO2 emissions, and the UR has a greater influence on CO2 emissions relative to the UQ. Besides, the positive effect of industrial development on CO2 emissions gradually weakened from 2014 and may even be offset by the suppression effect of energy intensity in the future. Finally, the negative effect of the utilization rate of coal capacity indicates that optimizing energy utilization by cutting excess capacity is not only an effective way for urbanization transformation but also for improving the urban environment. These results have important implications for governmental policy decisions pertaining to the sustainable development of resource-exhausted cities.

Keywords

Urbanization rate Urbanization quality Resource-exhausted city CO2 emissions Resource utilization 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 71974191, 71403267 and 71473250); the Key Project of Philosophy and Social Science Research in Universities of Jiangsu Province (Grant No. 2017ZDIXM162); and the Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 2014M551683).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shanshan Guo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yanfang Zhang
    • 3
    • 4
  • Xiangyan Qian
    • 5
  • Zhang Ming
    • 1
  • Rui Nie
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of ManagementChina University of Mining and TechnologyXuzhouChina
  2. 2.School of ManagementXinjiang Institute of EngineeringUrumuqiChina
  3. 3.College of Economics and ManagementNanjing University of Aeronautics and AstronauticsNanjingChina
  4. 4.Australia-China Relations InstituteUniversity of Technology SydneyUltimoAustralia
  5. 5.School of Management and EconomicsBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingChina

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