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Natural Hazards

, Volume 95, Issue 3, pp 783–804 | Cite as

Modeling beach profile changes by typhoon impacts at Xiamen coast

  • Kai Yin
  • Sudong XuEmail author
  • Wenrui Huang
  • Rui Li
  • Hong Xiao
Original Paper
  • 282 Downloads

Abstract

For the Xiamen coast where typhoon frequently occurs, beaches are subject to severe erosion during typhoons. To investigate storm-induced beach profile changes at Xiamen coast, four inner XBeach models were applied using typhoon Dan as a case study. These numerical simulations utilized hydrodynamic and wave conditions determined from larger-scale outer and middle coupled Delft3D-FLOW and SWAN models. The models were validated against historic measurements of tidal level, storm tide, storm surge and beach profiles, thus showing the accuracy of outer and middle models to provide boundary conditions and the reliability of inner models to reflect beach profile changes during a typhoon process. The applicability of this modeling approach to Xiamen coast was verified. The results also demonstrated that an enormous amount of dune face erosion occurred at the selected beaches during the typhoon Dan process and the slopes in the vicinity of zero elevation for the chosen four beach profiles all turned out to be gentler after typhoon Dan. Nevertheless, these beaches suffered different impact degrees and processes during the typhoon influence period. Compared to swash and collision regimes, overwash and inundation regimes have the ability to alter beach profile rapidly in short time. Post-storm beach profile with and without vegetation indicated that vegetation is capable of protecting coastal beaches to some extent. By running the nested models, the simulated results can be employed in the management of the beach system and the design of beach nourishment projects at Xiamen coast.

Keywords

Beach profile change XBeach Delft3D Xiamen coast 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China [Grant Number 51879043], and the China Scholarship Council.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kai Yin
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sudong Xu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Wenrui Huang
    • 2
    • 3
  • Rui Li
    • 1
  • Hong Xiao
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Port, Waterway and Coastal Engineering, School of TransportationSoutheast UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringFlorida State UniversityTallahasseeUSA
  3. 3.Key Lab of Yangtze River Water Environment of Ministry of Education, Department of Hydraulic EngineeringTongji UniversityShanghaiChina
  4. 4.State Key Laboratory of Hydraulics and Mountain River EngineeringSichuan UniversityChengduChina

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