Advertisement

Neuroscience and Behavioral Physiology

, Volume 49, Issue 3, pp 299–305 | Cite as

Comparison of the Cognitive Capacities of Immature and Young Mature Male Hamadryas Baboons

  • A. E. AnikaevEmail author
  • V. G. Chalyan
  • N. V. Meishvili
Article
  • 6 Downloads

Studies of the dynamics of cognitive processes in experiments on primates can be useful for establishing the biological roots of mental processes occurring in adolescents. Experiments were performed using 12 male hamadryas baboons (Papio hamadryas) aged from 45 to 67 months. Levels of cognitive capacities were determined in males using the following tests: tests for the ability to establish the position of a reward in space, which can be defined as “spatial” tests; tests for learning ability; a test for exploratory activity. Results obtained from comparison of cognitive capacities in immature and young mature male hamadryas baboons showed that some of the cognitive capacities were age-dependent and that there was no synchronicity in the development of cognitive capacities. In particular, mature males were significantly more successful in solving “spatial” tests than males under the age of puberty. There were no differences in solutions to tests for exploratory activity and the ability to learn skills between immature and young mature males.

Keywords

hamadryas baboons cognitive capacities age success 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    A. E. Anikaev, V. G. Chalyan, and N. V. Meishvili, “A comparative study of the cognitive abilities of hamadryas baboons (Papio hamadryas) and rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) in the solution of manipulation tasks,” Vestn. Mosk. Gos. Univ. Ser. XXIII Antropol., 4, 93–102 (2013).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. E. Anikaev, V. G. Chalyan, and N. V. Meishvili, “A comparative study of the ability to solve tasks of the Piaget ‘A not B error’ type in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) and hamadryas baboons (Papio hamadryas),” in: From the Beginnings to the Present. 130 Years of the Organization of the Psychological Society at Moscow University: Proc. Jubilee Conf. (2015), Vol. 5, pp. 401–403.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. E. Anikaev, V. G. Chalyan, and N. V. Meishvili, “A comparative study of the ability to make conscious choices in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) and hamadryas baboons (Papio hamadryas),” Vestn. Mosk. Gos. Univ. Ser. XXIII Antropol., 4, 74–87 (2014).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Z. A. Zorina and A. A. Smirnova, “History and methods in the experimental study of thought in animals,” in: Contemporary Experimental Psychology, V. A. Barabanshchikov (ed.), Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences Press, Moscow (2000).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    W. Köhler, The Mentality of Apes [Russian translation], Communist Academy Press, Moscow (1930).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    B. A. Lapin, L. N. Norkina, G. M. Cherkovich, et al., Monkeys in Medical and Biological Experiments, USSR Academy of Medical Sciences, Sukhumi (1963).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. E. Anikaev, V. G. Chalyan, and N. V. Meishvili, “Study of hamadryas baboons (Papio hamadryas) ability to solve object manipulation tasks,” Bull. Exp. Biol. Med., 159, No. 1, 85–86 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    K. Banerjee, C. F. Chabris, V. E. Johnson, et al., “General intelligence in another primate: individual differences across cognitive task performance in a New World monkey (Saguinus oedipus),” PLoS One, 4, No. 6, e5883 (2009).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    S.-J. Blakemore, S. Burnett, and R. E. Dahl, “The role of puberty in the developing adolescent brain,” Hum. Brain Mapp., 31, No. 6, 926–933 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    R. Blaser and C. Heyser, “Spontaneous object recognition: a promising approach to the comparative study of memory,” Front. Behav. Neurosci., 9, 183 (2015).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. J. Buccafusco, “Estimation of working memory in macaques for studying drugs for the treatment of cognitive disorders,” J. Alzheimers Dis., 15, No. 4, 709–720 (2008).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    V. G. Chalyan and N. V. Meishvili, “Hierarchical relationships in free-ranging hamadryas baboon males,” Baltic J. Lab. Anim. Sci., 11, 74–80 (2001).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. J. Chelonis, M. P. Gillam, and M. G. Paule, “The effects of prenatal cocaine exposure on reversal learning using a simple visual discrimination task in rhesus monkeys,” Neurotoxicol. Teratol., 25, No. 4, 437–446 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    P. F. Ferrari, E. Koehler, L. Fogassi, and V. Gallese, “The ability to follow eye gaze and its emergence during development in macaque monkeys,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 97, No. 25, 13997–14002 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    M. S. Golub, S. L. Germann, and C. L. Hogrefe, “Endocrine disruption and cognitive function in adolescent female rhesus monkeys,” Neurotoxicol. Teratol., 26, No. 6, 799–809 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    M. Hayashi and T. Matsuzawa, “Cognitive development in object manipulation by infant chimpanzees,” Ann. Cogn., 6, 225–233 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    K. Konrad, C. Firk, and P. J. Uhlaas, “Brain development during adolescence,” Dtsch. Arztebl. Int., 110, No. 25, 425–431 (2013).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    H. Kummer, Social Organization of Hamadryas Baboons. A Field Study, Chicago University Press, Chicago (1968).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    B. Luna, K. E. Garver, T. A. Urban, et al., “Maturation of cognitive processes from late childhood to adulthood,” Child Dev., 75, No. 5, 1357–1372 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    L. Malkova, E. Heuer, and R. C. Saunders, “Longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging study of rhesus monkey brain development,” Eur. J. Neurosci., 24, No. 11, 3204–3212 (2006).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    L. Steinberg, “Cognitive and affective development in adolescence,” Trends Cogn. Sci., 9, No. 2, 69–74 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    M. Tomasello, “Primate cognition: Introduction to the issue,” Cognitive Sci., 24, No. 3, 351–361 (2000).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    M. H. Weed, R. Bryant, and S. Perry, “Cognitive development in macaques: attentional set-shifting in juvenile and adult rhesus monkeys,” Neuroscience, 157, No. 1, 22–28 (2008).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. E. Anikaev
    • 1
    Email author
  • V. G. Chalyan
    • 1
  • N. V. Meishvili
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Institute of Medical PrimatologySochiRussia

Personalised recommendations