Advertisement

Natural Resources Research

, Volume 28, Issue 4, pp 1575–1586 | Cite as

Experimental Study of Adsorption Effects on Shale Permeability

  • Yu Zhao
  • Chaolin WangEmail author
  • Yongfa Zhang
  • Qiang Liu
Original Paper
  • 190 Downloads

Abstract

CH4 adsorption plays an important role in the permeability evolution of unconventional gas reservoirs. In this paper, an experimental method for simultaneous measurement of rock adsorption and permeability has been developed. For this experimental method, the CH4 adsorption amounts were obtained using a volumetric method. The permeability was measured by considering gas diffusion from the reference chamber to the core sample, under the pressure difference. A set of adsorption-permeability experiments were conducted on shale samples from lower Silurian Longmaxi Formation in the Sichuan Basin. The experimental results show that both the adsorption and swelling behavior of shale can be well described by the Langmuir equation. The effects of adsorption on permeability are influenced by two factors: (1) adsorption-induced storage, which causes an incremental in apparent porosity, leading to a significant error in permeability measurement if true porosity is used; and (2) adsorption-induced swelling, which potentially closes the existing natural fractures and reduces the intrinsic permeability. The adsorption storage effects are more significant at low pressure and are influenced by the experimental configurations (ratio of chamber volume to pore volume). With the increase in adsorption-induced swelling strain, the permeability declines by a cubic function during the adsorption process. Since swelling strain is linearly proportional to the amount of CH4 adsorbed, the behaviors of permeability and the amount of adsorbing gas follow similar trends.

Keywords

Reservoir rock Permeability Adsorption Swelling 

Notes

Acknowledgment

This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51374257 and 50804060). It was also supported by the China Scholarship Council (CSC) for the second author’s visit at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

References

  1. Anggara, F., Sasaki, K., & Sugai, Y. (2016). The correlation between coal swelling and permeability during CO2 sequestration: A case study using Kushiro low rank coals. International Journal of Coal Geology, 166, 62–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brace, W. F., Walsh, J. B., & Frangos, W. T. (1968). Permeability of granite under high pressure. Journal of Geophysical Research, 73, 2225–2236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cao, C., Li, T., Shi, J., Zhang, L., Fu, S., Wang, B., et al. (2016). A new approach for measuring the permeability of shale featuring adsorption and ultra-low permeability. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 30, 548–556.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cao, P., Liu, J., & Leong, Y. K. (2017). A multiscale-multiphase simulation model for the evaluation of shale gas recovery coupled the effect of water flowback. Fuel, 199, 191–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chen, T., Feng, X. T., & Pan, Z. (2015). Experimental study of swelling of organic rich shale in methane. International Journal of Coal Geology, 150, 64–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chen, T., Feng, X. T., & Pan, Z. (2018). Experimental study on kinetic swelling of organic-rich shale in CO2, CH4 and N2. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 55, 406–417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Connell, L. D., Lu, M., & Pan, Z. (2010). An analytical coal permeability model for tri-axial strain and stress conditions. International Journal of Coal Geology, 84(2), 103–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cui, X., & Bustin, R. M. (2005). Volumetric strain associated with methane desorption and its impact on coalbed gas production from deep coal seams. AAPG Bulletin, 89, 1181–1202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cui, X., Bustin, A. M. M., & Bustin, R. M. (2009). Measurements of gas permeability and diffusivity of tight reservoir rocks: Different approaches and their applications. Geofluids, 9, 208–223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cui, X., Bustin, R. M., & Chikatamarla, L. (2007). Adsorption-induced coal swelling and stress: implications for methane production and acid gas sequestration into coal seams. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 112, B10202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Day, S., Fry, R., & Sakurovs, R. (2008). Swelling of Australian coals in supercritical CO2. International Journal of Coal Geology, 74, 41–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Day, S., Fry, R., & Sakurovs, R. (2012). Swelling of coals in carbon dioxide, methane and their mixtures. International Journal of Coal Geology, 93(1), 40–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fan, J., Feng, R., Wang, J., & Wang, Y. (2017). Laboratory investigation of coal deformation behavior and its influence on permeability evolution during methane displacement by CO2. Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, 50, 1725–1737.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Feng, R., Harpalani, S., & Liu, J. (2017a). Optimized pressure pulse-decay method for laboratory estimation of gas permeability of sorptive reservoirs: Part 2-Experimental study. Fuel, 191, 565–573.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Feng, R., Harpalani, S., & Pandey, R. (2016). Evaluation of various pulse-decay laboratory permeability measurement techniques for highly stressed coals. Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, 50, 297–308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Feng, R., Liu, J., & Harpalani, S. (2017b). Optimized pressure pulse-decay method for laboratory estimation of gas permeability of sorptive reservoirs: Part 1-background and numerical analysis. Fuel, 191, 555–564.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Goodman, A. L., Busch, A., Duffy, G., Fitzgerald, J. E., Gasem, K. A. M., Gensterblum, Y., et al. (2004). An inter-laboratory comparison of CO2 isotherms measured on argonne premium coal samples. Energy & Fuels, 18, 1175–1182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Guo, X., Wang, Z. M., & Zhao, Y. L. (2016). A comprehensive model for the prediction of coal swelling induced by methane and carbon dioxide adsorption. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 36, 563–572.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Harpalani, S., & Chen, G. (1995). Estimation of changes in fracture porosity of coal with gas emission. Fuel, 74(10), 1491–1498.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Harpalani, S., & Chen, G. (1997). Influence of gas production induced volumetric strain on permeability of coal. Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, 15, 303–325.Google Scholar
  21. Heller, R., & Zoback, M. (2014). Adsorption of methane and carbon dioxide on gas shale and pure mineral samples. Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources, 8, 14–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Huo, P., Zhang, D., Yang, Z., Li, W., Zhang, J., & Jia, S. (2017). CO2 geological sequestration: Displacement behavior of shale gas methane by carbon dioxide injection. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 66, 48–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Jia, J., Sang, S., Cao, L., & Liu, S. (2018). Characteristics of CO2/supercritical CO2 adsorption-induced swelling to anthracite: An experimental study. Fuel, 216, 639–647.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kiyama, T., Nishimoto, S., Fujioka, M., Xue, Z., Ishijima, Y., Pan, Z., et al. (2011). Coal swelling strain and permeability change with injecting liquid/supercritical CO2 and N2 at stress-constrained conditions. International Journal of Coal Geology, 85, 56–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kumar, H., Elsworth, D., Mathews, J. P., & Marone, C. (2016). Permeability evolution in sorbing media: Analogies between organic-rich shale and coal. Geofluids, 16, 43–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Levine, J. R. (1996). Model study of the influence of matrix shrinkage on absolute permeability of coal bed reservoirs. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 109(1), 197–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Lin, J., Ren, T., Wang, G., Booth, P., & Nemcik, J. (2017). Experimental study of the adsorption-induced coal matrix swelling and its impact on ECBM. Journal of Earth Science, 28, 917–925.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Liu, S. M., & Harpalani, S. (2014). Compressibility of sorptive porous media: Part 2. Experimental study on coal. AAPG Bulletin, 98, 1773–1788.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Liu, H. H., & Rutqvist, J. (2010). A new coal-permeability model: Internal swelling stress and fracture-matrix interaction. Transport in Porous Media, 82(1), 157–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Liu, J., Wang, J. G., Gao, F., Ju, Y., Zhang, X., & Zhang, L. (2016a). Flow consistency between non-Darcy flow in fracture network and nonlinear diffusion in matrix to gas production rate in fractured shale gas reservoirs. Transport in Porous Media, 111, 97–121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Liu, S. M., Wang, Y., & Harpalani, S. (2016b). Anisotropy characteristics of coal shrinkage/swelling and its impact on coal permeability evolution with CO2 injection. Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology, 6, 1–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Luffel, D. L., & Guidry, F. K. (1992). New core analysis methods for measuring reservoir rock properties of Devonian Shale. Journal of Petroleum Technology, 44(11), 1184–1190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Ma, T., Rutqvist, J., Oldenburg, C. M., Liu, W., & Chen, J. (2017). Fully coupled two-phase flow and poromechanics modeling of coalbed methane recovery: Impact of geomechanics on production rate. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 45, 474–486.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Majewska, Z., Ceglarska-Stefańska, G., Majewski, S., & Ziętek, J. (2009). Binary gas sorption/desorption experiments on a bituminous coal: Simultaneous measurements on sorption kinetics, volumetric strain and acoustic emission. International Journal of Coal Geology, 77, 90–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Majewska, Z., Majewski, S., & Ziętek, J. (2013). Swelling and acoustic emission behaviour of unconfined and confined coal during sorption of CO2. International Journal of Coal Geology, 116–117, 17–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Meng, Y., & Li, Z. (2017). Triaxial experiments on adsorption deformation and permeability of different sorbing gases in anthracite coal. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 46, 59–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Niu, Q., Cao, L., Sang, S., Zhou, X., & Wang, Z. (2018). Anisotropic adsorption swelling and permeability characteristics with injecting CO2 in coal. Energy and Fuels, 32(2), 1979–1991.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Niu, Q., Cao, L., Sang, S., Zhou, X., Wang, Z., & Wu, Z. (2017). The adsorption-swelling and permeability characteristics of natural and reconstituted anthracite coals. Energy, 141, 2206–2217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Pan, Z., & Connell, L. D. (2007). A theoretical model for gas adsorption-induced coal swelling. International Journal of Coal Geology, 69(4), 243–252.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Perera, M. S. A. (2017). Influences of CO2 injection into deep coal seams: A review. Energy and Fuels, 31(10), 10324–10334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Perera, M. S. A., Ranjith, P. G., & Choi, S. K. (2013). Coal cleat permeability for gas movement under triaxial, non-zero lateral strain condition: A theoretical and experimental study. Fuel, 109, 389–399.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Pini, R., Ottiger, S., Burlini, L., Storti, G., & Mazzotti, M. (2009). Role of adsorption and swelling on the dynamics of gas injection in coal. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114(B4), B04203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Sakhaee-Pour, A., & Bryant, S. (2012). Gas permeability of shale. SPE Reservoir Evaluation and Engineering, 15, 401–409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Sakurovs, R., Day, S., Weir, S., & Duffy, G. (2007). Application of a modified Dubinin–Radushkevich equation to adsorption of gases by coals under supercritical conditions. Energy & Fuels, 21, 992–997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Sang, G., Elsworth, D., Liu, S., & Harpalani, S. (2017). Characterization of swelling modulus and effective stress coefficient accommodating sorption-induced swelling in coal. Energy and Fuels, 31, 8843–8851.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Shi, J. Q., & Durucan, S. (2004). Drawdown induced changes in permeability of coalbeds: A new interpretation of the reservoir response to primary recovery. Transport in Porous Media, 56, 1–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Siriwardane, H., Haljasmaa, I., McLendon, R., Irdi, G., Soong, Y., & Bromhal, G. (2009). Influence of carbon dioxide on coal permeability determined by pressure transient methods. International Journal of Coal Geology, 77(1), 109–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. St. George, J. D., & Barakat, M. A. (2001). The change in effective stress with shrinkage from gas desorption in coal. International Journal of Coal Geology, 45(2–3), 105–113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Suarez-Rivera, R., Chertov, M., Willberg, D., Green, S., & Keller, J. (2012). Understanding permeability measurements in tight shales promotes enhanced determination of reservoir quality. In Presented at the SPE Canadian Unconventional Resources Conference, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 30 Oct–1 Nov.Google Scholar
  50. Wang, S., Elsworth, D., & Liu, J. (2011). Permeability evolution in fractured coal: The roles of fracture geometry and water-content. International Journal of Coal Geology, 87(1), 13–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Wang, Y., Liu, S., & Elsworth, D. (2015). Laboratory investigations of gas flow behaviors in tight anthracite and evaluation of different pulse-decay methods on permeability estimation. International Journal of Coal Geology, 149, 118–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Yang, Z., Dong, M., Zhang, S., Gong, H., Li, Y., & Long, F. (2016). A method for determining transverse permeability of tight reservoir cores by radial pressure pulse decay measurement. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 121, 7054–7070.Google Scholar
  53. Yang, Z., Sang, Q., Dong, M., Zhang, S., Li, Y., & Gong, H. (2015). A modified pressure-pulse decay method for determining permeabilities of tight reservoir cores. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 27, 236–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Yuan, W., Pan, Z., Li, X., Yang, Y., Zhao, C., Connell, L. D., et al. (2014). Experimental study and modelling of methane adsorption and diffusion in shale. Fuel, 117, 509–519.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Zang, J., & Wang, K. (2017). Gas sorption-induced coal swelling kinetics and its effects on coal permeability evolution: Model development and analysis. Fuel, 189, 164–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Zarębska, K., & Ceglarska-Stefańska, G. (2008). The change in effective stress associated with swelling during carbon dioxide sequestration on natural gas recovery. International Journal of Coal Geology, 74, 167–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Zhang, D. F., Cui, Y. J., Liu, B., Li, S. G., Song, W. L., & Lin, W. G. (2011). Supercritical pure methane and CO2 adsorption on various rank coals of China: Experiments and modeling. Energy and Fuels, 25, 1891–1899.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Zhang, X. G., Ranjith, P. G., Perera, M. S. A., Ranathunga, A. S., & Haque, A. (2016a). Gas transportation and enhanced coalbed methane recovery processes in deep coal seams: A review. Energy and Fuels, 30, 8832–8849.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Zhang, Y., Lebedev, M., Sarmadivaleh, M., Barifcani, A., & Iglauer, S. (2016b). Swelling-induced changes in coal microstructure due to supercritical CO2 injection. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 9077–9083.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Zhang, Y., Lebedev, M., Sarmadivaleh, M., Barifcani, A., Rahman, T., & Iglauer, S. (2016c). Swelling effect on coal micro structure and associated permeability reduction. Fuel, 182, 568–576.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© International Association for Mathematical Geosciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu Zhao
    • 1
  • Chaolin Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yongfa Zhang
    • 2
  • Qiang Liu
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Civil EngineeringGuizhou UniversityGuiyangChina
  2. 2.School of Civil EngineeringChongqing UniversityChongqingChina

Personalised recommendations