Advertisement

Enhanced adsorption of methylene blue on chemically modified graphene nanoplatelets thanks to favorable interactions

  • Rabita Mohd Firdaus
  • Noor Izzati Md Rosli
  • Jaafar Ghanbaja
  • Brigitte VigoloEmail author
  • Abdul Rahman MohamedEmail author
Research Paper
  • 41 Downloads

Abstract

In the present study, the used graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs) are of high structural quality offering the opportunity to modify the adsorbent/adsorbate interactions. Their chemical modification by simple acid oxidation leads to their facile dispersion in water. Morphological, structural, and chemical properties of the functionalized GNPs are deeply investigated by a set of complementary characterization techniques. The parametric investigation including effects of initial concentration, contact time, solution pH, and temperature of methylene blue (MB) adsorption allows to identify those being relevant for MB removal enhancement. MB adsorption is found to increase with contact time, solution temperature, and acidic pH. The nature of the MB-GNP interactions and the possible adsorption mechanisms, relatively little understood, are here particularly studied. MB-GNP adsorption is shown to follow a Langmuir isotherm and a pseudo-first-order kinetic model. The adsorption capacity of MB on the chemically modified GNPs (qm = 225 mg/g) with respect to the external surface is relatively high compared to other carbon nanomaterials. Such adsorbent certainly merits further consideration for removal of other dyes and heavy metals from wastewaters.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Graphene Functionalization Interactions Adsorption Dye removal Nanocomposite materials 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Lionel Aranda for his help for TGA experiment. They also thank Ms. Nawal Berrada and Dr. Alexandre Desforges for the fruitful discussions. We thank Dr. M. Mallet and Mr. A. Renard from the spectroscopy and microscopy Core Facility of SMI LCPME (Université de Lorraine-CNRS–http://www.lcpme.cnr-nancy.fr).

Funding information

This study is financially supported by the French Embassy in Malaysia especially for Ms. R. Mohd Firdaus’ Fellowship. Financial support is given by the Ministry of Education Malaysia through Universiti Sains Malaysia-NanoMITE (203/PJKIMIA/6720009) and Institute of Postgraduate Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11051_2019_4701_MOESM1_ESM.docx (112 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 112 kb)

References

  1. Achee TC, Sun W, Hope JT, Quitzau SG, Sweeney CB, Shah SA, Habib T, Green MJ (2018) High-yield scalable graphene nanosheet production from compressed graphite using electrochemical exfoliation. Sci Rep 8(1):14525.  https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-32741-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ali N, Teixeira JA, Addali A (2018) A review on Nanofluids: fabrication, stability, and Thermophysical properties. J Nanomater 2018:33.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/6978130 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Amiri A, Shanbedi M, Ahmadi G, Eshghi H, Kazi SN, Chew BT, Savari M, Zubir MNM (2016) Mass production of highly-porous graphene for high-performance supercapacitors. Sci Rep 6:32686.  https://doi.org/10.1038/srep32686 https://www.nature.com/articles/srep32686#supplementary-information CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Banerjee S, Chattopadhyaya MC (2017) Adsorption characteristics for the removal of a toxic dye, tartrazine from aqueous solutions by a low cost agricultural by-product. Arab J Chem 10:S1629–S1638.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2013.06.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bradder P, Ling SK, Wang S, Liu S (2011) Dye adsorption on layered graphite oxide. J Chem Eng Data 56(1):138–141.  https://doi.org/10.1021/je101049g CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chen L, Yang J, Zeng X, Zhang L, Yuan W (2013) Adsorption of methylene blue in water by reduced graphene oxide: effect of functional groups. Mater Express 3(4):281–290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chen D, Zhang H, Yang K, Wang H (2016) Functionalization of 4-aminothiophenol and 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane with graphene oxide for potential dye and copper removal. J Hazard Mater 310:179–187.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.02.040 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cheng Y, Zhou S, Hu P, Zhao G, Li Y, Zhang X, Han W (2017) Enhanced mechanical, thermal, and electric properties of graphene aerogels via supercritical ethanol drying and high-temperature thermal reduction. Sci Rep 7(1):1439.  https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-01601-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dimiev AM, Alemany LB, Tour JM (2012) Graphene oxide. Origin of acidity, its instability in water, and a new dynamic structural model. ACS Nano 7(1):576–588CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dreyer DR, Todd AD, Bielawski CW (2014) Harnessing the chemistry of graphene oxide. Chem Soc Rev 43(15):5288–5301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ermakov VA, Alaferdov AV, Vaz AR, Perim E, Autreto PAS, Paupitz R, Galvao DS, Moshkalev SA (2015) Burning Graphene layer-by-layer. Sci Rep 5:11546.  https://doi.org/10.1038/srep11546 https://www.nature.com/articles/srep11546#supplementary-information CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gadipelli S, Guo ZX (2015) Graphene-based materials: synthesis and gas sorption, storage and separation. Prog Mater Sci 69:1–60.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmatsci.2014.10.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Georgakilas V, Otyepka M, Bourlinos AB, Chandra V, Kim N, Kemp KC, Hobza P, Zboril R, Kim KS (2012) Functionalization of graphene: covalent and non-covalent approaches, derivatives and applications. Chem Rev 112(11):6156–6214.  https://doi.org/10.1021/cr3000412 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ghosh S, Bao W, Nika DL, Subrina S, Pokatilov EP, Lau CN, Balandin AA (2010) Dimensional crossover of thermal transport in few-layer graphene. Nat Mater 9(7):555–558CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Guo Y, Deng J, Zhu J, Zhou X, Bai R (2016) Removal of mercury (II) and methylene blue from a wastewater environment with magnetic graphene oxide: adsorption kinetics, isotherms and mechanism. RSC Adv 6(86):82523–82536CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Han S, Liu K, Hu L, Teng F, Yu P, Zhu Y (2017) Superior adsorption and regenerable dye adsorbent based on flower-like molybdenum disulfide nanostructure. Sci Rep 7:43599.  https://doi.org/10.1038/srep43599 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hayyan M, Abo-Hamad A, AlSaadi MA, Hashim MA (2015) Functionalization of graphene using deep eutectic solvents. Nanoscale Res Lett 10(1):324.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s11671-015-1004-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. He J, Cui A, Deng S, Chen JP (2018) Treatment of methylene blue containing wastewater by a cost-effective micro-scale biochar/polysulfone mixed matrix hollow fiber membrane: performance and mechanism studies. J Colloid Interface Sci 512:190–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Holkar CR, Jadhav AJ, Pinjari DV, Mahamuni NM, Pandit AB (2016) A critical review on textile wastewater treatments: possible approaches. J Environ Manag 182:351–366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hou D, Liu Q, Wang X, Quan Y, Qiao Z, Yu L, Ding S (2018) Facile synthesis of graphene via reduction of graphene oxide by artemisinin in ethanol. J Mater.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmat.2018.01.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hu Y, Guo T, Ye X, Li Q, Guo M, Liu H, Wu Z (2013) Dye adsorption by resins: effect of ionic strength on hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions. Chem Eng J 228:392–397CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Johnson DW, Dobson BP, Coleman KS (2015) A manufacturing perspective on graphene dispersions. Curr Opin Colloid Interface Sci 20(5):367–382.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cocis.2015.11.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kabiri S, Tran DN, Cole MA, Losic D (2016) Functionalized three-dimensional (3D) graphene composite for high efficiency removal of mercury. Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology 2(2):390–402Google Scholar
  24. Kaya NS, Yadav A, Wehrhold M, Zuccaro L, Balasubramanian K (2018) Binding kinetics of methylene blue on monolayer Graphene investigated by multiparameter surface plasmon resonance. ACS Omega 3(7):7133–7140.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.8b00689 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Khan S, Malik A (2014) Environmental and health effects of textile industry wastewater. In: Environmental deterioration and human health. Springer, pp 55–71Google Scholar
  26. Kushwaha AK, Gupta N, Chattopadhyaya MC (2017) Adsorption behavior of lead onto a new class of functionalized silica gel. Arab J Chem 10:S81–S89.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2012.06.010 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Lagergren S (1898) Zur theorie der sogenannten adsorption geloster stoffe. Kungliga svenska vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar 24:1–39Google Scholar
  28. Lan Huong PT, Tu N, Lan H, Thang LH, Van Quy N, Tuan PA, Dinh NX, Phan VN, Le A-T (2018) Functional manganese ferrite/graphene oxide nanocomposites: effects of graphene oxide on the adsorption mechanisms of organic MB dye and inorganic As(v) ions from aqueous solution. RSC Adv 8(22):12376–12389.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C8RA00270C CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Li Y-H, Du Q, Tonghao L, Peng X, Wang J, Sun J, Wang Y, Wu S, Wang Z, Xia Y, Xia L (2013a) Comparative study of methylene blue dye adsorption onto activated carbon, graphene oxide, and carbon nanotubes. 91.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cherd.2012.07.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Li Y, Du Q, Liu T, Sun J, Wang Y, Wu S, Wang Z, Xia Y, Xia L (2013b) Methylene blue adsorption on graphene oxide/calcium alginate composites. Carbohydr Polym 95(1):501–507CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Liu T, Li Y, Du Q, Sun J, Jiao Y, Yang G, Wang Z, Xia Y, Zhang W, Wang K (2012) Adsorption of methylene blue from aqueous solution by graphene. Colloids Surf B: Biointerfaces 90:197–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Lv M, Yan L, Liu C, Su C, Zhou Q, Zhang X, Lan Y, Zheng Y, Lai L, Liu X (2018) Non-covalent functionalized graphene oxide (GO) adsorbent with an organic gelator for co-adsorption of dye, endocrine-disruptor, pharmaceutical and metal ion. Chem Eng J 349:791–799CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. McKay G, Sweeney AG (1980) Principles of dye removal from textile effluent. Water Air Soil Pollut 14(1):3–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Mercier G, Gleize J, Ghanbaja J, Marêché J-F, Vigolo B (2013) Soft oxidation of single-walled carbon nanotube samples. J Phys Chem C 117(16):8522–8529CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Mohandoss M, Gupta SS, Nelleri A, Pradeep T, Maliyekkal SM (2017) Solar mediated reduction of graphene oxide. RSC Adv 7(2):957–963.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C6RA24696F CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Nassar NN, Marei NN, Vitale G, Arar LA (2015) Adsorptive removal of dyes from synthetic and real textile wastewater using magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles: thermodynamic and mechanistic insights. Can J Chem Eng 93(11):1965–1974CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Novoselov KS, Fal’ko VI, Colombo L, Gellert PR, Schwab MG, Kim K (2012) A roadmap for graphene. Nature 490:192–200.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11458 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Pathania D, Sharma S, Singh P (2017) Removal of methylene blue by adsorption onto activated carbon developed from Ficus carica bast. Arab J Chem 10:S1445–S1451.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2013.04.021 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Pérez-Ramírez EE, de la Luz-Asunción M, Martínez-Hernández AL, Velasco-Santos C (2016) Graphene materials to remove organic pollutants and heavy metals from water: photocatalysis and adsorption. In: Semiconductor Photocatalysis-Materials, Mechanisms and Applications. InTechOpenGoogle Scholar
  40. Polat EO, Balci O, Kakenov N, Uzlu HB, Kocabas C, Dahiya R (2015) Synthesis of large area graphene for high performance in flexible optoelectronic devices. Sci Rep 5:16744.  https://doi.org/10.1038/srep16744 https://www.nature.com/articles/srep16744#supplementary-information CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Qi Y, Yang M, Xu W, He S, Men Y (2017) Natural polysaccharides-modified graphene oxide for adsorption of organic dyes from aqueous solutions. J Colloid Interface Sci 486:84–96.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2016.09.058 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Qi C, Zhao L, Lin Y, Wu D (2018) Graphene oxide/chitosan sponge as a novel filtering material for the removal of dye from water. J Colloid Interface Sci 517:18–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Qiao X-Q, Hu F-C, Tian F-Y, Hou D-F, Li D-S (2016) Equilibrium and kinetic studies on MB adsorption by ultrathin 2D MoS 2 nanosheets. RSC Adv 6(14):11631–11636CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Robati D, Rajabi M, Moradi O, Najafi F, Tyagi I, Agarwal S, Gupta VK (2016) Kinetics and thermodynamics of malachite green dye adsorption from aqueous solutions on graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide. J Mol Liq 214:259–263.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2015.12.073 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Selen V, Güler Ö, Özer D, Evin E (2016) Synthesized multi-walled carbon nanotubes as a potential adsorbent for the removal of methylene blue dye: kinetics, isotherms, and thermodynamics. Desalin Water Treat 57(19):8826–8838CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Shukla AK, Alam J, Alhoshan M, Dass LA, Ali FAA, Mishra U, Ansari MA (2018) Removal of heavy metal ions using a carboxylated graphene oxide-incorporated polyphenylsulfone nanofiltration membrane. Environ Sci 4(3):438–448Google Scholar
  47. Stankovich S, Dikin DA, Dommett GH, Kohlhaas KM, Zimney EJ, Stach EA, Piner RD, Nguyen ST, Ruoff RS (2006) Graphene-based composite materials. Nature 442(7100):282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Szlachta M, Wójtowicz P (2013) Adsorption of methylene blue and Congo red from aqueous solution by activated carbon and carbon nanotubes. Water Sci Technol 68(10):2240–2248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Tahir U, Yasmin A, Khan UH (2016) Phytoremediation: potential flora for synthetic dyestuff metabolism. Journal of King Saud University-Science 28(2):119–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Temkin M, Pyzhev V (1940) Recent modifications to Langmuir isothermsGoogle Scholar
  51. Wei D, Liu Y, Zhang H, Huang L, Wu B, Chen J, Yu G (2009) Scalable synthesis of few-layer graphene ribbons with controlled morphologies by a template method and their applications in nanoelectromechanical switches. J Am Chem Soc 131(31):11147–11154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Yao Y, Xu F, Chen M, Xu Z, Zhu Z (2010) Adsorption behavior of methylene blue on carbon nanotubes. Bioresour Technol 101(9):3040–3046CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Yu X, Cheng H, Zhang M, Zhao Y, Qu L, Shi G (2017) Graphene-based smart materials. Nat Rev Mater 2:17046–17013.  https://doi.org/10.1038/natrevmats.2017.46 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Yusuf M, Elfghi F, Zaidi SA, Abdullah E, Khan MA (2015) Applications of graphene and its derivatives as an adsorbent for heavy metal and dye removal: a systematic and comprehensive overview. RSC Adv 5(62):50392–50420CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Zazouli MA, Azari A, Dehghan S, Salmani Malekkolae R (2016) Adsorption of methylene blue from aqueous solution onto activated carbons developed from eucalyptus bark and Crataegus oxyacantha core. Water Sci Technol 74(9):2021–2035CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Zhao D, Ding Y, Chen S, Bai T, Ma Y (2013) Adsorption of methylene blue on carbon nanotubes from aqueous solutions. Asian J Chem 25(10):5756CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Zhao L, Yang S-T, Feng S, Ma Q, Peng X, Wu D (2017) Preparation and application of carboxylated graphene oxide sponge in dye removal. Int J Environ Res Public Health 14(11):1301.  https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14111301 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Zhou X, Zhang Y, Huang Z, Lu D, Zhu A, Shi G (2016) Ionic liquids modified graphene oxide composites: a high efficient adsorbent for phthalates from aqueous solution. Sci Rep 6:38417.  https://doi.org/10.1038/srep38417 https://www.nature.com/articles/srep38417#supplementary-information CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemical Engineering, Engineering CampusUniversiti Sains MalaysiaNibong TebalMalaysia
  2. 2.Institut Jean LamourCNRS-Université de Lorraine UMR 7198NancyFrance

Personalised recommendations