Fabrication of hybrid aluminum nanoparticles with organosilicon surface by solvent-free coating approach

  • Jiahe Li
  • Kaifeng LinEmail author
  • Aifeng Jiang
  • Dongyu Hao
  • Yulin YangEmail author
  • Debin Xia
  • Ruiqing Fan
Research Paper


With the development of aerospace industry, hybrid nano-Al particles with considerable energy release and stable surface immune to the air and moisture have attracted much attention when they are applied as fuel to solid rocket propellants. In this study, nano-Al particles (80~120 nm) were covered with an organic single layer, which was obtained by solvent-free gas-phase-coating approach in the presence of organosilanes. The characterization results clearly indicated that the coated aluminum nanoparticles are resistant to the air and moisture. Note here that no significant loss of the active aluminum contents was observed after being coated with the organic single layer, meaning that negligible power loss occurs during the combustion of such coated aluminum particles as a fuel. Combining with the advantage that the wettability of the coated surface could be adjustable by using chlorotrimethylsilane (CTMS) and dimethoxydimethylsilane (DMODMS) in a given sequence, such approach opens a new door to produce a potential fuel with protected surface and considerable energy release for solid rocket propellant. Moreover, the possible mechanism for coating the surface of aluminum nanoparticles with CTMS and DMODMS was proposed.


Aluminum nanoparticles Solvent-free coating Stability Active aluminum content Adjustable wettability Aerospace applications 



This work was supported by Science Foundation of Aerospace of China (SFAC [grant numbers 6141B0626020201, 6141B0626020101]).


This work was supported by Science Foundation of Aerospace of China (SFAC [grant numbers 6141B0626020201, 6141B0626020101]).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11051_2019_4611_MOESM1_ESM.docx (232 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 231 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MIIT Key Laboratory of Critical Materials Technology for New Energy Conversion and Storage, School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringHarbin Institute of TechnologyHarbinPeople’s Republic of China

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