The effective recovery of CuO nano-particles from organic solvent by using froth flotation

  • Jiayu Lu
  • Yanyan Xu
  • Wei LiuEmail author
  • Zhaoliang WuEmail author
  • Na Li
  • Ting Shu
Research Paper


The recovery of nano-catalysts from organic wastewater is still one of the most significant problems in the catalytic industry. In this work, froth flotation was used to solve this problem. CuO nano-particles were considered as the desired materials. First, four surfactants were screened for determining a suitable collector through comparing their foam properties and capture capacity to CuO nano-particles. Subsequently, froth flotation was performed by using cocamidopropyl betaine (CAB) as the collector. Under the suitable operation conditions, the enrichment ratio and recovery percentage of CuO nano-particles reached as high as 20.52 and 91.50%, respectively. Finally, the size distribution and morphology of CuO nano-particles before and after froth flotation were characterized. Experimental results indicated that the dispersibility of the recovered CuO nano-particles after froth flotation was better than that of the commercial CuO nano-particles due to the existence of surfactant molecules around the nano-particle surface. This work is expected to provide a new insight into the effective recovery of nano-catalysts from the downstream industrial effluent and to facilitate the industrialization of froth flotation in the green catalytic industry.


Collector Froth flotation Interfacial adsorption Nano-catalysts CuO nano-particles 


Funding information

This work was financially supported by the Key Basic Research Program of Hebei, China (No. 16964002D); the Foundation of Hebei Educational Committee, China (QN2017049); the Graduate Student Innovation Foundation of Hebei, China (No. CXZZBS2017031); and the Innovative Hebei-Funded Program for Postgraduate, China (No. CXZZSS2017026).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemical Engineering and TechnologyHebei University of TechnologyTianjinChina
  2. 2.National-Local Joint Engineering Laboratory for Energy Conservation in Chemical Process Integration and Resources Utilization, School of Chemical Engineering and TechnologyHebei University of TechnologyTianjinChina

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