Influence of cerium content and heat treatment on Ce:YAG@glass wool nanostructures

  • Francesco Armetta
  • Chiara Defilippi
  • Cristina Giordano
  • Eugenio Caponetti
  • Lukasz Marciniak
  • Dariusz Hreniak
  • Maria Luisa SaladinoEmail author
Research Paper


The paper reports the influence of cerium content and heat treatment on composition, structural features and optical properties of nanostructures constituted by a layer of Ce:YAG nanoparticles on glass wool (Ce:YAG@GW). The Ce:YAG@GW nanostructures were obtained embedding the glass wool (GW) in a gel-like precursor and calcining at 800 and 900 °C. Gel-like precursor of urea glass route (UGR) method has been used to prepare both nanostructures and Ce:YAG nanoparticles prepared as references. Structural properties were investigated by using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and infrared spectroscopy (IR). Results showed that the composition of the final products strongly depends both on the cerium content and temperature. Optical properties of best materials have been investigated in order to verify their suitability for lighting applications. Obtained results show relatively high quantum efficiency for Ce:YAG@GW treated at 800 °C comparing with the Ce:YAG nanoparticles obtained at the same temperature confirming the improved luminescence properties of the nanoparticles when they are applied on GW surface.

Graphical abstract


Urea glass route YAG Glass wool Layer of nanoparticles Synthetic route 



D.H. acknowledges the Polish National Science Centre for the OPUS 11 2016/21/B/ST5/02385 project. M.L.S. thanks the University of Palermo for supporting this research through the CORI2017 (Bando per la concessione di contributi per l’avvio e lo sviluppo di collaborazioni dell’Ateneo 2017-Azione D).

Funding information

C.G. and C.D. acknowledge QMUL for the financial support.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.

Supplementary material

11051_2019_4589_MOESM1_ESM.docx (2.5 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 2535 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento Scienze e Tecnologie Biologiche, Chimiche e Farmaceutiche-STEBICEF and INSTM UdR-PalermoUniversità di PalermoPalermoItaly
  2. 2.School of Biological and Chemical SciencesQueen Mary University of LondonLondonUK
  3. 3.Institute of Low Temperature and Structure ResearchPolish Academy of SciencesWrocławPoland

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