Synthesis of BiIO4/Ag3PO4 nanocomposite with enhanced photocatalytic activity for degradation of phenol

  • Qing Ying Liu
  • Yi Fan Zheng
  • Ling Wang
  • Xu Chun SongEmail author
Research Paper


A novel BiIO4/Ag3PO4 nanocomposite photocatalyst was synthesized through hydrothermal and chemical precipitation methods. The as-prepared samples were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and ultraviolet visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. Moreover, the photocatalytic activity was evaluated by degradation of phenol under visible light irradiation. BiIO4/Ag3PO4 nanocomposite exhibited higher photocatalytic activity than BiIO4 and Ag3PO4, with 5% BiIO4/Ag3PO4 nanocomposite displaying the highest activity. The enhanced photocatalytic performance may be due to the formation of BiIO4/Ag3PO4 heterojunction interface, which is beneficial to the separation and migration of the photogenerated electrons and holes. In addition, the active species trapping experiment demonstrated that •O2− and •OH were the major active species during the photocatalytic process.


BiIO4 Ag3PO4 Nanocomposite Photocatalytic Nanostructured catalysts 



This study was funded by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (No. 21273034).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


  1. An WJ, Cui WQ, Liang YH, Hu JS, Liu L (2015) Surface decoration of BiPO4 with BiOBr nanoflakes to build heterostructure photocatalysts with enhanced photocatalytic activity. Appl Surf Sci 351:1131–1139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bi YP, Ouyang SX, Cao JY, Ye JH (2011) Facile synthesis of rhombic dodecahedral AgX/Ag3PO4 (X = Cl, Br I) heterocrystals with enhanced photocatalytic properties and stabilities. Phys Chem Chem Phys 13:10071–10075CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bi YP, Hu HY, Ouyang SX, Lu GX, Cao JY, Ye JH (2012) Photocatalytic and photoelectric properties of cubic Ag3PO4 sub-microcrystals with sharp corners and edges. Chem Commun 48:3748–3750CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cai L, Xu T, Shen JY, Xiang WX (2015) Highly efficient photocatalytic treatment of mixed dyes wastewater via visible-light-driven AgI–Ag3PO4/MWCNTs. Mater Sci Semicond Process 37:19–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cai L, Jiang H, Wang LX (2017) Enhanced photo-stability and photocatalytic activity of Ag3PO4 via modification with BiPO4 and polypyrrole. Appl Surf Sci 420:43–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cao J, Xu BY, Lin HL, Luo BD, Chen SF (2012) Chemical etching preparation of BiOI/BiOBr heterostructures with enhanced photocatalytic properties for organic dye removal. Chem Eng J 185-186:91–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cao BC, Dong PY, Cao S, Wang YH (2013) BiOCl/Ag3PO4 composites with highly enhanced ultraviolet and visible light photocatalytic performances. J Am Ceram Soc 96:544–548CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cao QW, Cui X, Zheng YF, Song XC (2016a) A novel CdWO4/BiOBr p-n heterojunction as visible light photocatalyst. J Alloys Compd 670:12–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cao QW, Cui X, Yin HY, Zheng YF, Song XC (2016b) A novel AgI/AgIO3 heterojunction with enhanced photocatalytic activity for organic dye removal. J Mater Sci 51:4559–4565CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cao QW, Zheng YF, Song XC (2017) Enhanced visible-light-driven photocatalytic degradation of RhB by AgIO3/WO3 composites. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 70:359–365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Chen J, Xia JX, Di J, Ji MX, Li HP, Xu H, Zhang Q, Lu J (2016) Reactable ionic liquid assisted synthesis of BiPO4, and the influences of solvent on structure, morphology and photocatalytic performance. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 488:110–117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Cui DH, Zheng YF, Song XC (2017) A novel visible-light-driven photocatalyst Ag2O/AgI with highly enhanced photocatalytic performances. J Alloys Compd 701:163–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fu HB, Pan CS, Yao WQ, Zhu YF (2005) Visible-light-induced degradation of rhodamine B by nanosized Bi2WO6. J Phys Chem B 109:22432–22439CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fujishima A, Honda K (1972) Electrochemical photocatalysis of water at semiconductor electrode. Nature 238:37–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. He HB, Xue SS, Wu Z, Yu CL, Yang K, Peng GM, Zhou WQ, Li DH (2016) Sonochemical fabrication, characterization and enhanced photocatalytic performance of Ag2S/Ag2WO4 composite microrods. Chin J Catal 37:1841–1850CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Huang HW, Liu LY, Zhang YH, Tian N (2014) Novel BiIO4/BiVO4 composite photocatalyst with highly improved visible-light-induced photocatalytic performance for rhodamine B degradation and photocurrent generation. RSC Adv 5:1161–1167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Huang HW, Liu LY, Zhang YH, Tian N (2015) One pot hydrothermal synthesis of a novel BiIO4/Bi2MoO6 heterojunction photocatalyst with enhanced visible-light-driven photocatalytic activity for rhodamine B degradation and photocurrent generation. J Alloys Compd 619:807–811CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Li GF, Ding Y, Zhang YF, Lu Z, Sun HZ, Chen R (2011) Microwave synthesis of BiPO4 nanostructures and their morphology-dependent photocatalytic performances. J Colloid Interface Sci 363:497–503CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Li HT, Li N, Wang M, Zhao BP, Long F (2018) Synthesis of novel and stable g-C3N4-Bi2WO6 hybrid nanocomposites and their enhanced photocatalytic activity under visible light irradiation. R Soc Open Sci 5:171419CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Liu YF, Yao WQ, Liu D, Zong R, Zhang M, Ma XG, Zhu YF (2015) Enhancement of visible light mineralization ability and photocatalytic activity of BiPO4/BiOI. Appl Catal B-Environ 163:547–553CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lu LF, Kong L, Jiang Z, Lai HH-C, Xiao TC, Edwards PP (2012) Visible-light-driven photodegradation of rhodamine B on Ag-modified BiOBr. Catal Lett 142:771–778CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Naeem K, Ouyang F (2009) Effect of lamp power and its position on photocatalytic degradation of phenol in aqueous suspension of TiO2. J Surf Sci Nanotechnol 7:804–807CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Nguyen SD, Yeon J, Kim SH, Halasyamani PS (2011) BiO(IO3): a new polar iodate that exhibits an aurivillius-type (Bi2O2)2+ layer and a large SHG response. J Am Chem Soc 133:12422–12425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Pan CS, Zhu YF (2011) Size-controlled synthesis of BiPO4 nanocrystals for enhanced photocatalytic performance. J Mater Chem 21:4235–4241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Pan CS, Xu J, Wang YJ, Li D, Zhu YF (2012) Dramatic activity of C3N4/BiPO4 photocatalyst with core/shell structure formed by self-assembly. Adv Funct Mater 22:1518–1524CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Sayama K, Nomura A, Zou ZG, Abe R, Abe Y, Arakawa H (2004) Photoelectrochemical decomposition of water on nanocrystalline BiVO4 film electrodes under visible light. Cheminform 35:2908–2909CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Shan LW, He LQ, Suriyaprakash J, Yang LX (2016) Photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting of BiOI{001} nanosheets synthesized by a simple chemical transformation. J Alloys Compd 665:158–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Song YH, Xu H, Yan J, Wang C, Cai GB, Li HM, Lei YC (2014) Preparation, characterization and photocatalytic activity of AgBr/BiVO4 composite photocatalyst. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 14:6816–6823CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Tian J, Wu Z, Liu Z, Yu CL, Yang K, Zhu LH, Huang WY, Zhou Y (2017a) Low-cost and efficient visible-light-driven CaMg(CO3)2@Ag2CO3 microspheres fabricated via an ion exchange route. Chin J Catal 38:1899–1908CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Tian J, Liu RY, Liu Z, Yu CL, Liu MC (2017b) Boosting the photocatalytic performance of Ag2CO3 crystals in phenol degradation via coupling with trace N-CQDs. Chin J Catal 38:1999–2008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Tian J, Liu Z, Zeng DB, Yu CL, Liu XQ, Yang K, Liu H (2018) The preparation and characterization of CaMg(CO3)2@Ag2CO3/Ag2S/NCQD nanocomposites and their photocatalytic performance in phenol degradation. J Nanopart Res 20:182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Wang XL, He HL, Chen Y, Zhao JQ, Zhang XY (2012) Anatase TiO2 hollow microspheres with exposed {001} facets: facile synthesis and enhanced photocatalysis. Appl Surf Sci 258:5863–5868CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Xie Y, Huang ZH, Zhang ZJ, Zhang XG, Wen RL, Liu YG, Fang MH, Wu XW (2016) Controlled synthesis and photocatalytic properties of rhombic dodecahedral Ag3PO4 with high surface energy. Appl Surf Sci 389:56–66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Xu H, Xu YG, Li HM, Xia JX, Xiong J, Yin S, Huang CJ, Wan HL (2012) Synthesis, characterization and photocatalytic property of AgBr/BiPO4 heterojunction photocatalyst. Dalton Trans 41:3387–3394CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Yi ZG, Ye JH, Kikugawa N, Kako T, Ouyang SX, Stuart-Williams H, Yang H, Cao JY, Luo WJ, Li ZS, Liu Y, Withers RL (2010) An orthophosphate semiconductor with photooxidation properties under visible-light irradiation. Nat Mater 9:559–564CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Yin HY, Wang XL, Wang L, Nie QL, Zhang Y, Wu WW (2015a) Cu2O/TiO2 heterostructured hollow sphere with enhanced visible light photocatalytic activity. Mater Res Bull 72:176–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Yin HY, Wang XL, Wang L, Nie QL, Zhao HT (2015b) Self-doped TiO2 hierarchical hollow spheres with enhanced visible-light photocatalytic activity. J Alloys Compd 640:68–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Yuan JL, Wang J, She YY, Hu J, Tao PP, Lv FC, Lu ZG, Gu YY (2014) BiOCl micro-assembles consisting of ultrafine nanoplates: a high peformance electro-catalyst for air electrode of Al–air batteries. J Power Sources 263:37–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Zhang H, Niu CG, Yang SF, Zeng GM (2016) Facile fabrication of BiOIO3/BiOBr composite with enhanced visible light photocatalytic activity. RSC Adv 6:64617–64625CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Zheng BJ, Wang X, Liu C, Tan K, Xie ZX, Zheng LS (2013) High-efficiently visible light-responsive photocatalysts: Ag3PO4 tetrahedral microcrystals with exposed {111} facets of high surface energy. J Mater Chem A 1:12635–12640CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qing Ying Liu
    • 1
  • Yi Fan Zheng
    • 2
  • Ling Wang
    • 3
  • Xu Chun Song
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryFujian Normal UniversityFuzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Research Center of Analysis and MeasurementZhejiang University of TechnologyHangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryZhejiang Sci-Tech UniversityHangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations