Advertisement

Preparation and capacitive performance of modified carbon black-doped porous carbon nanofibers

  • Chang MaEmail author
  • Liqiang Wu
  • Liang Zheng
  • Ruihui Gan
  • Qingchao Fan
  • Yan Song
  • Jingli ShiEmail author
Research Paper
  • 6 Downloads

Abstract

Porous carbon nanofiber webs were prepared by electrospinning and one-step carbonization using modified carbon black (MCB)/PVP as carbon source without template removal and activation treatment. The MCB addition amount was adjusted and the maximum mass ratio of MCB/PVP reached 1.5:1. The MCB-based carbon nanofibers (MCNFs) were mainly composed of micropores and small mesopores. When the addition ratio of MCB/PVP was 1.5:1, the MCNFs showed specific surface area of 624 m2 g−1, high carbon yield of 54%, 10.39 at.% of surface oxygen, and 6.05 at.% of surface nitrogen. The MCNFs were directly cut into electrodes for supercapacitors, and the electrochemical performances of the MCNFs were evaluated in 6 M KOH in three-electrode configuration. The MCNFs showed a maximum specific capacitance of 166 F g−1 and high rate performance (maintaining 54% from 0.1 to 10 A g−1). In view of simple process, high carbon yield, and self-standing nature, the MCNFs may find potential application in supercapacitors.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Modified carbon black Electrospinning Carbon nanofibers Supercapacitor 

Notes

Author contributions

The manuscript was written through the contributions of all authors. All authors have given approval to the final version of the manuscript.

Funding information

This work was financially supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Tianjin Province (Grant No. 16JCQNJC06300), National Nature Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51502201, 51508385), the University of Science and Technology Development Fund Planning Project of Tianjin (2017KJ072), and the CAS Key Laboratory of Carbon Materials (No. KLCMKFJJ1708).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

11051_2019_4471_MOESM1_ESM.docx (3.1 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 3166 kb)

References

  1. Afreen S, Muthoosamy K, Manickam S, Hashim U (2015) Functionalized fullerene (c 60 ) as a potential nanomediator in the fabrication of highly sensitive biosensors. Biosens Bioelectron 63:354–364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arrigo R, Hävecker M, Wrabetz S, Blume R, Lerch M, Mcgregor J, Parrott EP, Zeitler JA, Gladden LF, Knop-Gericke A (2010) Tuning the acid/base properties of nanocarbons by functionalization via amination. J Am Chem Soc 132:9616–9630CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bhuvanalogini G, Murugananthem N, Shobana V, Subramania A (2014) Preparation, characterization, and evaluation of lini 0.4 co 0.6 o 2 nanofibers for supercapacitor applications. J Solid State Electrochem 18:2387–2392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Biniak S, Szymański G, Siedlewski J, Świa̧tkowski A (1997) The characterization of activated carbons with oxygen and nitrogen surface groups. Carbon 35:1799–1810CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chaikittisilp W, Hu M, Wang H, Huang HS, Fujita T, Wu KC, Chen LC, Yamauchi Y, Ariga K (2012) Nanoporous carbons through direct carbonization of a zeolitic imidazolate framework for supercapacitor electrodes. Chem Commun 48:7259–7261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chee WK, Lim HN, Andou Y, Zainal Z, Hamra AAB, Harrison I, Altarawneh M, Jiang ZT, Huang NM (2017) Functionalized graphene oxide-reinforced electrospun carbon nanofibers as ultrathin supercapacitor electrode. J Energy Chem 26:790–798CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chen IH, Wang CC, Chen CY (2010) Fabrication and characterization of magnetic cobalt ferrite/polyacrylonitrile and cobalt ferrite/carbon nanofibers by electrospinning. Carbon 48:604–611CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chen LF, Zhang XD, Liang HW, Kong M, Guan QF, Chen P, Wu ZY, Yu SH (2012) Synthesis of nitrogen-doped porous carbon nanofibers as an efficient electrode material for supercapacitors. ACS Nano 6:7092–7102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chmiola J, Yushin G, Dash R, Gogotsi Y (2006) Effect of pore size and surface area of carbide derived carbons on specific capacitance. J Power Sources 158:765–772CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Chmiola J, Largeot C, Taberna PL, Simon P, Gogotsi Y (2010) Monolithic carbide-derived carbon films for micro-supercapacitors. Science 328:480–483CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Davydov VA, Rakhmanina AV, Agafonov V, Narymbetov B, Boudou JP, Szwarc H (2004) Conversion of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to graphite and diamond at high pressures. Carbon 42:261–269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Fan X, Yu C, Yang J, Ling Z, Qiu J (2014) Hydrothermal synthesis and activation of graphene-incorporated nitrogen-rich carbon composite for high-performance supercapacitors. Carbon 70:130–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Guo Q, Zhou X, Li X, Chen S, Seema A, Greiner A, Hou H (2009) Supercapacitors based on hybrid carbon nanofibers containing multiwalled carbon nanotubes. J Mater Chem 19:2810–2816CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Han Y, Lai Z, Wang Z, Yu M, Tong Y, Lu X (2018) Designing carbon based supercapacitors with high energy density: a summary of recent progress. Chem Eur J 24:7312–7329CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. He S, Chen L, Xie C, Hu H, Chen S, Hanif M, Hou H (2013) Supercapacitors based on 3d network of activated carbon nanowhiskers wrapped-on graphitized electrospun nanofibers. J Power Sources 243:880–886CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kim C, Ngoc BTN, Yang KS, Kojima M, Kim YA, Kim YJ, Endo M, Yang SC (2010) Self-sustained thin webs consisting of porous carbon nanofibers for supercapacitors via the electrospinning of polyacrylonitrile solutions containing zinc chloride. Adv Mater 19:2341–2346CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kim BH, Yang KS, Yang DJ (2013) Electrochemical behavior of activated carbon nanofiber-vanadium pentoxide composites for double-layer capacitors. Electrochim Acta 109:859–865CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Li J, Liu EH, Li W, Meng XY, Tan ST (2009) Nickel/carbon nanofibers composite electrodes as supercapacitors prepared by electrospinning. J Alloys Compd 478:371–374CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Liu M, Gan L, Xiong W, Zhao F, Fan X, Zhu D, Xu Z, Hao Z, Chen L (2013) Nickel-doped activated mesoporous carbon microspheres with partially graphitic structure for supercapacitors. Energy Fuel 27:1168–1173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Liu Y, Lu T, Sun Z, Chua DHC, Pan L (2015) Ultra-thin carbon nanofiber networks derived from bacterial cellulose for capacitive deionization. J Mater Chem A 3:8693–8700CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lu H, Dai W, Zheng M, Li N, Ji G, Cao J (2012) Electrochemical capacitive behaviors of ordered mesoporous carbons with controllable pore sizes. J Power Sources 209:243–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ma C, Song Y, Shi J, Zhang D, Zhong M, Guo Q, Liu L (2012) Phenolic-based carbon nanofiber webs prepared by electrospinning for supercapacitors. Mater Lett 76:211–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Mccreery RL (2010) Cheminform abstract: advanced carbon electrode materials for molecular electrochemistry. Chem Rev 39: no-noGoogle Scholar
  24. Miller JR, Simon P (2008) Electrochemical capacitors for energy management. Science 321:651–652CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Pimenta MA, Dresselhaus G, Dresselhaus MS, Cançado LG, Jorio A, Saito R (2007) Studying disorder in graphite-based systems by raman spectroscopy. Phys Chem Chem Phys 9:1276–1290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Ra EJ, Raymundo-Piñero E, Lee YH, Béguin F (2009) High power supercapacitors using polyacrylonitrile-based carbon nanofiber paper. Carbon 47:2984–2992CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Reich S, Thomsen C (2004) Raman spectroscopy of graphite. Philos Transact A Math Phys Eng Sci 362:2271–2288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Sheng J, Ma C, Ma Y, Zhang H, Wang R, Xie Z, Shi J (2016) Synthesis of microporous carbon nanofibers with high specific surface using tetraethyl orthosilicate template for supercapacitors. Int J Hydrog Energy 41:9383–9393CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Simon P, Gogotsi Y (2008) Materials for electrochemical capacitors. Nat Mater 7:845–854CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Tian X, Zhao N, Song Y, Wang K, Xu D, Li X, Guo Q, Liu L (2015) Synthesis of nitrogen-doped electrospun carbon nanofibers with superior performance as efficient supercapacitor electrodes in alkaline solution. Electrochim Acta 185:40–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Wang F, Xu YH, Luo ZK, Pang Y, Wu QX, Liang CS, Chen J, Liu D, Zhang XH (2014) A dual pore carbon aerogel based air cathode for a highly rechargeable lithium-air battery. J Power Sources 272:1061–1071CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Wen ZB, Qu QT, Gao Q, Zheng XW, Hu ZH, Wu YP, Liu YF, Wang XJ (2009) An activated carbon with high capacitance from carbonization of a resorcinol–formaldehyde resin. Electrochem Commun 11:715–718CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Wu ZS, Wang DW, Ren W, Zhao J, Zhou G, Li F, Cheng HM (2010) Anchoring hydrous ruo2 on graphene sheets for high-performance electrochemical capacitors. Adv Funct Mater 20:3595–3602CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Wu Z, Huang XL, Wang ZL, Xu JJ, Wang HG, Zhang XB (2014) Electrostatic induced stretch growth of homogeneous β-ni(oh)2 on graphene with enhanced high-rate cycling for supercapacitors. Sci Rep 4:3669CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Xu B, Zheng D, Jia M, Cao G, Yang Y (2013) Nitrogen-doped porous carbon simply prepared by pyrolyzing a nitrogen-containing organic salt for supercapacitors. Electrochim Acta 98:176–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Xu H, Xiao J, Liu B, Griveau S, Bedioui F (2015) Enhanced electrochemical sensing of thiols based on cobalt phthalocyanine immobilized on nitrogen-doped graphene. Biosens Bioelectron 66:438–444CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Yang X, Wu D, Chen X, Fu R (2010) Nitrogen-enriched nanocarbons with a 3-d continuous mesopore structure from polyacrylonitrile for supercapacitor application. J Phys Chem C 114:8581–8586CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Zhang L, Jiang Y, Wang L, Zhang C, Liu S (2016) Hierarchical porous carbon nanofibers as binder-free electrode for high-performance supercapacitor. Electrochim Acta 196:189–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Zhu Y, Hu H, Li W, Zhang X (2007) Resorcinol-formaldehyde based porous carbon as an electrode material for supercapacitors. Carbon 45:160–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Zykwinska A, Radjitaleb S, Cuenot S (2010) Layer-by-layer functionalization of carbon nanotubes with synthetic and natural polyelectrolytes. Langmuir 26:2779–2784CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tianjin Municipal Key Laboratory of Advanced Fiber and Energy Storage TechnologyTianjin Polytechnic UniversityTianjinChina
  2. 2.CAS Key Laboratory of Carbon Materials, Institute of Coal ChemistryChinese Academy of SciencesTaiyuanChina

Personalised recommendations