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High performance graphene-melamine sponge prepared via eco-friendly and cost-effective process

  • Wenlu Liu
  • Mochen Li
  • Haibin Jiang
  • Xiaohong Zhang
  • Jinliang QiaoEmail author
Research Paper

Abstract

An eco-friendly and cost-effective preparation process for high performance graphene-melamine sponge is reported in this article. Different from traditional preparation process through two steps including dip-coating graphene oxide on sponge skeletons and reducing graphene oxide to graphene, a new process has been developed in this work that the coating and reducing of graphene oxide can be carried out simultaneously in a one-pot hydrothermal reaction with suitable concentration of graphene oxide aqueous dispersion. The eco-friendly reduction agent water-soluble ascorbic acid instead of toxic hydrazine hydrate works efficiently in this process. The as prepared superhydrophobic and superoleophilic graphene-melamine sponge exhibits high adsorption capacity for various oils and organic solvents and excellent selective adsorption performance for pump oil and chloroform. Therefore, the prepared graphene-melamine sponge is a cost-effective and environmental friendly material which certainly can find applications in polluted water treatment.

Graphical abstract

Superhydrophobic graphene-melamine sponge shows high absorption capacity and excellent selectivity in removing oils and organic solvents from water.

Keywords

Graphene-melamine sponge Eco-friendly Superhydrophobic Oil and water separation Flame retardancy Nanomaterials 

Notes

Funding information

This work was financially supported by the Ph.D. Programs Foundation of SINOPEC Beijing Research Institute of Chemical Industry.

Compliance with ethical standards

Competing interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interest.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Materials Science and EngineeringBeijing University of Chemical TechnologyBeijingChina
  2. 2.SINOPEC Beijing Research Institute of Chemical IndustryBeijingChina

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