The centrifugally constructed and thermally activated three-dimensional graphene toward a binder-free highly performed anode of the lithium-ion battery

  • Yafei Li
  • Zhe Sun
  • Feng Chen
  • Lei Wang
  • Wenlong Li
  • Ying Xu
  • Yan CaoEmail author
Research Paper


A binder-free three-dimensional porous interconnected graphene (a-3DrGO@NF) was centrifugally constructed and KOH-activated at 800 °C, leading a mechanically strong and pore-developed anode candidate for lithium ion batteries (LIBs). The unique approach of the integration of the mechanical construction and thermal activation demonstrated favorable frameworks to facilitate the stable and fast migrations of both ion and electron during the galvanostatic charge/discharge process, thus significantly improving its durability and electrochemical performance compared to those without the activated and thermal treatment. The a-3DrGO@NF LIBs showed a highly reversible capacity of 1250 mAh g−1 at a current density of 0.1 A g−1 after 50 cycles without degradation relative to the first cycle. More importantly, the a-3DrGO@NF LIBs exhibited excellent large current discharge property and cyclic stability of 965 mAh g−1 in its first cycle and 545 mAh g−1 after 150 cycles at a current density of 4 A g−1. Furthermore, it can be quickly charged and discharged in a very short time of 92 s together with high-rate capability of 256 mAh g−1 after 200 cycles at 10 A g−1. At both lower and higher its current density as to 10 A g−1, the coulombic efficiency was close to 100% and showed the reliability of a-3DrGO@NF LIBs.


Three-dimensional network Reduced graphene oxides Centrifugally constructed KOH activation Anode materials Lithium-ion battery 



This work is supported by grants from the National Key R&D Program of China (grant numbers 2017YFE0105500 and 2016YFE0108400) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant numbers 21676001 and 51602001).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11051_2018_4389_MOESM1_ESM.docx (4.8 mb)
ESM 1 Supplementary experiment procedure, additional XPS characterization data, GCD profile of the KOH-activated NF, and CV data of the KOH-activated NF, 3DGO@NF, and 3DrGO@NF are shown in Supporting Information. (DOCX 4877 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringAnhui UniversityHefeiChina
  2. 2.Institute for Combustion Science and Environmental Technology, Department of ChemistryWestern Kentucky UniversityBowling GreenUSA

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