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Mesoporous carbon nanofiber network derived from agarose for supercapacitor electrode

  • Zhiyi Zhang
  • Yanhao Yu
  • Chunhua Yao
  • Zhaodong Li
  • Guoquan Suo
  • Junwei Wu
  • Xudong Wang
  • Mingjia Zhi
  • Zhanglian Hong
Research Paper
  • 90 Downloads

Abstract

Great efforts have been devoted on searching for sustainable and earth-abundant precursors to prepare activated carbon suitable for supercapacitor electrode applications. In this paper, we demonstrated the preparation of mesoporous carbon nanofiber network (~ 10 nm in diameter of the nanofibers) from agarose precursors. With the aid of zinc acetate, the nanofiber network structure existing in natural agarose gel can be well retained after the carbonization process and the yielded mesoporous carbon nanofiber networks have high surface area and large pore volume without further activation. Supercapacitor electrodes were made from such mesoporous carbon nanofiber networks and specific capacitance of 157 F g−1 can be achieved with the optimized zinc acetate concentration and carbonization temperature.

Keywords

Mesoporous carbon Agarose Nanofiber network Supercapacitor Carbon nanomaterials 

Notes

Funding information

This work is supported by National key research and development program (Grant No. 2016YFB0901600) and NSCF (Grant Nos. 21303162 and 11604295).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11051_2018_4350_MOESM1_ESM.docx (8.8 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 9053 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, School of Materials Science and EngineeringZhejiang UniversityHangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Material Science and EngineeringUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA
  3. 3.College of Textile EngineeringTaiyuan University of TechnologyJinzhongPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.School of Materials Science and EngineeringShaanxi University of Science and TechnologyXi’anPeople’s Republic of China
  5. 5.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringHarbin Institute of Technology, Shenzhen Graduate SchoolShenzhenPeople’s Republic of China

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