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Mycopathologia

, Volume 183, Issue 6, pp 967–972 | Cite as

Invasive Fungal Infection in Romania: Changing Incidence and Epidemiology During Six Years of Surveillance in a Tertiary Hospital

  • Floredana-Laura ŞularEmail author
  • Edit Szekely
  • Violeta Corina Cristea
  • Minodora Dobreanu
Original Paper

Abstract

The present study aimed to evaluate the incidence of candidemia, the trend of species distribution and the antifungal susceptibility patterns of all invasive strains of Candida spp. isolated over a 6-year period in an Eastern European University hospital. A total number of 156 isolates were reidentified by MALDI-TOF and tested for susceptibility by SensititreTM YeastOne™. Isolates were assigned as non-susceptible or belonging to the wild type according to the new CLSI (2017, 2018) break points and epidemiological cut-off values. C. parapsilosis (37.82%) was the most frequently isolated yeast, followed by C. albicans (26.28%). The general tendency of the species distribution during the surveyed period shifted towards an increase in C. parapsilosis and C. lusitaniae isolates. Fluconazole resistance was present in 23.52% of C. glabrata, 5.08% of C. parapsilosis and in none of the C. albicans, C. tropicalis and C. lusitaniae isolates. Echinocandin resistance was present only in 1(5.88%) C. glabrata isolate. The study emphasises the importance of monitoring local epidemiologic data and antifungal susceptibility trends due to the diversity of affected patient groups in our hospital.

Keywords

Candida spp. Invasive fungal infection Antifungal Resistance Susceptibility 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank Doina Bilca, M.D, and Izabella Szasz, M.D., as well as the Microbiology Department laboratory technicians who have assisted in preparing the culture media and the yeast strains for the antifungal sensitivity testing.

Funding

The present study was partially supported by the Doctoral School (IOSUD) and an Internal Research Grant project with number 15/23.12.2014 provided by the University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Tîrgu Mureş. Romania. MALDI-TOF identification of Candida spp. was kindly sponsored and performed by the Synevo Central Laboratory, Bucharest.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Data Genuinity

The authors declare that the data/results of the manuscript do not constitute plagiarism and have not been published elsewhere.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Laboratory MedicineUniversity of Medicine and Pharmacy of Tîrgu MureşTîrgu MureşRomania
  2. 2.Central LaboratoryEmergency Clinical County Hospital Tîrgu Mureş, RomaniaTîrgu MureşRomania
  3. 3.Microbiology DepartmentUniversity of Medicine and Pharmacy of Tîrgu MureşTîrgu MureşRomania
  4. 4.Synevo RomaniaMedicover Diagnostic ServicesBucharestRomania
  5. 5.“Carol Davila” University of Medicine and PharmacyBucharestRomania

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