Advertisement

Three dimensional unassisted sit-to-stand prediction for virtual healthy young and elderly individuals

  • James YangEmail author
  • Burak Ozsoy
Article
  • 39 Downloads

Abstract

Sit-to-stand (STS) motion is one of the most important tasks in daily life and is one of the key determinants of functional independence, especially for the senior people. The STS motion has been extensively studied in the literature, mostly through experiments. Compared to numerous experimental studies, there are limited simulations with mostly assuming bilateral symmetry for STS tasks. However, it is not true even for healthy individuals to perform STS tasks with a perfect bilateral symmetry. In this study, predictive dynamics is utilized for STS prediction. The problem can be constructed as a nonlinear optimization formulation. The digital human model has 21 degrees of freedom (DOFs) for the unassisted STS tasks. The quartic B-spline interpolation is implemented for representing joint angle profiles. The recursive Lagrangian dynamics approach and the Denavit–Hartenberg method are implemented for the equations of motion. This study is to develop a generic three-dimensional unassisted STS motion prediction method for healthy young and elderly individuals. Results show that trunk joint angle peak values are similar between the two virtual-groups in the sagittal, frontal, and transverse planes. Lower-limbs’ joint angle and velocity profiles and their peak values between the right and left side for both virtual groups are also similar. The normalized peak joint torques are slight differences in each active DOF between the two virtual groups and the peak values are similar. The proposed method has been indirectly validated through the literature experimental results. The developed method has various potential applications in the design of exoskeleton, microelectromechanical system for fall detection, and assistive devices in rehabilitation.

Keywords

Sit-to-stand Unassisted STS Optimization And predictive dynamics 

Notes

References

  1. 1.
    Dall, P.M., Kerr, A.: Frequency of the sit to stand task: an observational study of free-living adults. Appl. Ergon. 41(1), 58–61 (2010) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Schultz, A.B., Alexander, N.B., Ashton-Miller, J.A.: Biomechanical analyses of rising from a chair. J. Biomech. 25(12), 1383–1391 (1992) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dawson, D.A., Hendershot, G.E., Fulton, J.P.: Aging in the eighties: functional limitations of individuals age 65 years and over. National Center for Health Statistics (U.S.) (1987) Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Riley, P., Schenkman, M.L., Mann, R.W., Andrew, W.: Mechanics of a constrained chair-rise. J. Biomech. 24(1), 77–85 (1991) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gross, M.M., Stevenson, P.J., Charette, S.L., Pyka, G., Marcus, R.: Effect of muscle strength and movement speed on the biomechanics of rising from a chair in healthy elderly and young women. Gait Posture 8(3), 175–185 (1998) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kralj, A., Jaeger, R.J., Munih, M.: Analysis of standing up and sitting down in humans: definitions and normative data presentation. J. Biomech. 23(11), 1123–1138 (1990) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Pai, Y.-C., Naughton, B.J., Chang, R.W., Rogers, M.W.: Control of body centre of mass momentum during sit-to-stand among young and elderly adults. Gait Posture 2(2), 109–116 (1994) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hughes, M.A., Weiner, D.K., Schenkman, M.L., Long, R.M., Studenski, S.A.: Chair rise strategies in the elderly. Clin. Biomech. 9(3), 187–192 (1994) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pai, Y.-C., Rogers, M.W.: Speed variation and resultant joint torques during sit-to-stand. Arch. Phys. Med. Rehabil. 72(11), 881–885 (1991) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lord, S.R., Murray, S.M., Chapman, K., Munro, B., Tiedemann, A.: Sit-to-stand performance depends on sensation, speed, balance, and psychological status in addition to strength in older people. J. Gerontol., Ser. A, Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. 57(8), 539–543 (2002) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Papa, E., Cappozzo, A.: Sit-to-stand motor strategies investigated in able-bodied young and elderly subjects. J. Biomech. 33, 1113–1122 (2000) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Papa, E., Cappozzo, A.: A telescopic inverted-pendulum model of the musculo-skeletal system and its use for the analysis of the sit-to-stand motor task. J. Biomech. 32(11), 1205–1212 (1999) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Dehail, P., Bestaven, E., Muller, F., Mallet, A., Robert, B., Bourdel-Marchasson, I., Petit, J.: Kinematic and electromyographic analysis of rising from a chair during a ‘sit-to-walk’ task in elderly subjects: role of strength. Clin. Biomech. 22(10), 1096–1103 (2007) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Yoshioka, S., Nagano, A., Hay, D.C., Fukashiro, S.: Biomechanical analysis of the relation between movement time and joint moment development during a sit-to-stand task. Biomed. Eng. Online 8(2), 27 (2009) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Fujimoto, M., Chou, L.-S.: Dynamic balance control during sit-to-stand movement: an examination with the center of mass acceleration. J. Biomech. 45(3), 543–548 (2012) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Mourey, F., Grishin, A., D’Athis, P., Pozzo, T., Stapley, P.: Standing up from a chair as a dynamic equilibrium task: a comparison between young and elderly subjects. J. Gerontol., Ser. A, Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. 55(9), B425–B431 (2000) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lundin, T.M., Grabiner, M.D., Jahnigen, D.W.: On the assumption of bilateral lower extremity joint moment symmetry during the sit-to-stand task. J. Biomech. 28(1), 109–112 (1995) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Gillette, J.C., Stevermer, C.A.: The effects of symmetric and asymmetric foot placements on sit-to-stand joint moments. Gait Posture 35(1), 78–82 (2012) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Gilleard, W., Crosbie, J., Smith, R.: Rising to stand from a chair: symmetry, and frontal and transverse plane kinematics and kinetics. Gait Posture 27(1), 8–15 (2008) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Roy, G., Nadeau, S., Gravel, D., Malouin, F., McFadyen, B.J., Piotte, F.: The effect of foot position and chair height on the asymmetry of vertical forces during sit-to-stand and stand-to-sit tasks in individuals with hemiparesis. Clin. Biomech. 21(6), 585–593 (2006) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kawagoe, S., Tajima, N., Chosa, E.: Biomechanical analysis of effects of foot placement with varying chair. J. Orthop. Sci. 5(2), 124–133 (2000) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Rodosky, M.W., Andriacchi, T.P., Andersson, G.B.: The influence of chair height on lower limb mechanics during rising. J. Orthop. Res. 7(2), 266–271 (1989) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Burdett, R.G., Habasevich, R., Pisciotta, J., Simon, S.R.: Biomechanical comparison of rising from two types of chairs. Phys. Ther. 65(8), 1177–1183 (1985) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Arborelius, U.P., Wretenberg, P., Lindberg, F.: The effects of armrests and high seat heights on lower-limb joint load and muscular activity during sitting and rising. Ergonomics 35(11), 1377–1391 (1992) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Anglin, C., Wyss, U.P.: Arm motion and load analysis of sit-to-stand, stand-to-sit, cane walking and lifting. Clin. Biomech. 15(6), 441–448 (2000) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    O’Meara, D.M., Smith, R.M.: The effects of unilateral grab rail assistance on the sit-to-stand performance of older aged adults. Hum. Mov. Sci. 25(2), 257–274 (2006) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Kamnik, R., Bajd, T., Kralj, A.: Functional electrical stimulation and arm supported sit-to-stand transfer after paraplegia: a study of kinetic parameters. Artif. Organs 23(5), 413–417 (1999) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Najafi, B., Aminian, K., Loew, F., Blanc, Y., Robert, P.A.: Measurement of stand-sit and sit-stand transitions using a miniature gyroscope and its application in fall risk evaluation in the elderly. IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 49(8), 843–851 (2002) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Ikeda, E.R., Schenkman, M.L., Riley, P.O., Hodge, W.A.: Influence of age on dynamics of rising from a chair. Phys. Ther. 71(6), 473–481 (1991) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Shepherd, R.B., Koh, H.P.: Some biomechanical consequences of varying foot placement in sit-to-stand in young women. Scand. J. Rehabil. Med. 28(2), 79–88 (1996) Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Su, F.C., Lai, K.A., Hong, W.H.: Rising from chair after total knee arthroplasty. Clin. Biomech. 13(3), 176–181 (1998) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Talis, V.L., Grishin, A.A., Solopova, I.A., Oskanyan, T.L., Belenky, V.E., Ivanenko, Y.P.: Asymmetric leg loading during sit-to-stand, walking and quiet standing in patients after unilateral total hip replacement surgery. Clin. Biomech. 23(4), 424–433 (2008) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Coghlin, S.S., McFadyen, B.J.: Transfer strategies used to rise from a chair in normal and low back pain subjects. Clin. Biomech. 9(2), 85–92 (1994) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Mizner, R.L., Snyder-Mackler, L.: Altered loading during walking and sit-to-stand is affected by quadriceps weakness after total knee arthroplasty. J. Orthop. Res. 23, 1083–1090 (2005) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Mak, M.K.Y., Levin, O., Mizrahi, J., Christina, H.-C.W.Y.: Joint torques during sit-to-stand in healthy subjects and people with Parkinson’s disease. Clin. Biomech. 18(3), 197–206 (2003) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Bahrami, F., Riener, R., Jabedar-Maralani, P., Schmidt, G.: Biomechanical analysis of sit-to-stand transfer in healthy and paraplegic subjects. Clin. Biomech. 15(2), 123–133 (2000) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Sibella, F., Galli, M., Romei, M., Montesano, A., Crivellini, M.: Biomechanical analysis of sit-to-stand movement in normal and obese subjects. Clin. Biomech. 18(8), 745–750 (2003) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Lou, S.-Z., Chou, Y.-L., Chou, P.-H., Lin, C.-J., Chen, U.-C.: Sit-to-stand at different periods of pregnancy. Clin. Biomech. 16(3), 194–198 (2001) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Gilleard, W., Crosbie, J., Smith, R.: A longitudinal study of the effect of pregnancy on rising to stand from a chair. J. Biomech. 41(4), 779–787 (2008) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Pandy, M.G., Garner, B.A., Anderson, F.C.: Optimal control of non-ballistic muscular movements: a constraint-based performance criterion for rising from a chair. ASME J. Biomech. Eng. 117(1), 15–26 (1995) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Domire, Z.J.: A biomechanical analysis of maximum vertical jumps and sit-to-stand. PhD dissertation, Pennsylvania State University (2004) Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Kuzelicki, J., Zefran, M., Burger, H., Bajd, T.: Synthesis of standing-up trajectories using dynamic optimization. Gait Posture 21(1), 1–11 (2005) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Mughal, A., Iqbal, K.: 3D bipedal model with holonomic constraints for the decoupled optimal controller design of the biomechanical sit-to-stand maneuver. ASME J. Biomech. Eng. 132(4), 041010 (2010) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Robert, T., Causse, J., Monnier, G.: Estimation of external contact loads using an inverse dynamics and optimization approach: General method and application to sit-to-stand maneuvers. J. Biomech. 46(13), 2220–2227 (2013) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Ozsoy, B., Yang, J.: Simulation-based unassisted sit-to-stand motion prediction for healthy young individuals. In: Proceedings of the ASME 2014 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference IDETC/CIE, Buffalo, NY, USA (2014) Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Abdel-Malek, K., Arora, J.: Human Motion Simulation: Predictive Dynamics, 1st edn. Academic Press, New York (2013) Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Xiang, Y., Chung, H.-J., Kim, J.H., Bhatt, R., Rahmatalla, S., Yang, J., Marler, T., Arora, J.S., Abdel-Malek, K.: Predictive dynamics: an optimization-based novel approach for human motion simulation. Struct. Multidiscip. Optim. 41(3), 465–479 (2009) MathSciNetzbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Denavit, J., Hartenberg, R.S.: A kinematic notation for lower-pair mechanisms based on matrices. J. Appl. Mech. 22, 215–221 (1955) MathSciNetzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Gordon, C.C., Churchill, T., Clauser, C.E., Bradtmiller, B., McConville, J.T., Tebbetts, I., Walker, R.A.: Anthropometric survey of U.S. army personnel: methods and summary statistics. Final report NATICK/TR-89/027, U.S. Army Natick Research, Development and Engineering Center, Natick, MA (1988) Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    McConville, J., Clauser, C., Churchill, T.: Anthropometric relationships of body and body segment moments of inertia. Anthropology Research Project inc., Yellow Springs, OH (1980) Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Piegl, L., Tiller, W.: The NURBS Book. Springer, New York (1997) zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Xiang, Y., Arora, J.S., Abdel-Malek, K.: Optimization-based motion prediction of mechanical systems: sensitivity analysis. Struct. Multidiscip. Optim. 37(6), 595–608 (2008) MathSciNetzbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Howard, B., Yang, J.: A New stability criterion for human seated tasks with given postures. Int. J. Humanoid Robot. 09(03), 1250015 (2012) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Kerr, K.M., White, J.A., Barr, D.A., Mollan, R.A.B.: Analysis of sit-to-stand movement cycle in normal subjects. Clin. Biomech. 12, 236–245 (1997) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Anderson, D.E., Madigan, M.L., Nussbaum, M.A.: Maximum voluntary joint torque as a function of joint angle and angular velocity: model development and application to the lower limb. J. Biomech. 40(14), 3105–3113 (2007) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Cahalan, T.D., Johnson, M.E., Liu, S.C.E.: Quantitative measurements of hip strength in different age groups. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. 246, 136–145 (1989) Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Kumar, S.: Isolated planar trunk strengths measurement in normals, part III: results and database. Int. J. Ind. Ergon. 17, 103–111 (1996) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Roebuck, J.A., Kroemer, K.H.E., Thomson, W.G.: Engineering Anthropometry Methods. Wiley–Interscience, New York (1975) Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Shephard, R.J.: A personal perspective on aging and productivity, with particular reference to physically demanding work. Ergonomics 38(4), 617–636 (1995) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Hirschfeld, H., Thorsteinsdottir, M., Olsson, E.: Coordinated ground forces exerted by buttocks and feet are adequately programmed for weight transfer during sit-to-stand. J. Neurophysiol. 82(6), 3021–3029 (1999) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Roebroeck, M.E., Doorenbosch, C.A.M., Harlaar, J., Jacobs, R., Lankhorst, G.J.: Biomechanics and muscular activity during sit-to-stand transfer. Clin. Biomech. 9(4), 235–244 (1994) CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Human-Centric Design Research Lab, Department of Mechanical EngineeringTexas Tech UniversityLubbockUSA

Personalised recommendations