An optimal wavelet-based multi-modality medical image fusion approach based on modified central force optimization and histogram matching

  • Heba M. El-Hoseny
  • Zeinab Z. El KarehEmail author
  • Wael A. Mohamed
  • Ghada M. El Banby
  • Korany R. Mahmoud
  • Osama S. Faragallah
  • S. El-Rabaie
  • Essam El-Madbouly
  • Fathi E. Abd El-Samie


This paper introduces an optimal solution for wavelet-based medical image fusion using different wavelet families and Principal Component Ana1ysis (PCA) based on the Modified Central Force Optimization (MCFO) technique. The main motivation of this work is to increase the quality of medical fused images in order to provide correct diagnosis of diseases for the objective of optimal therapy. This can be achieved by fusing medical images of different modalities using an optimization technique based on the MCFO. The MCFO technique gives the optimum gain parameters that achieve the best fused image quality. Histogram matching is applied to improve the overall values of the Peak Signal-to-Noise Ratio (PSNR), entropy, local contrast, and quality of the fused image. A comparative study is performed between the proposed algorithm, the traditional Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT), and the PCA fusion using maximum fusion rule. The proposed algorithm is evaluated subjectively and objectively with different fusion quality metrics. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed MCFO optimized wavelet-based fusion algorithm using Haar wavelet and histogram matching achieves a superior performance with the highest image quality and clearest image details in a very short processing time.


Image fusion Discrete wavelet transform (DWT) Modified central force optimization (MCFO) Histogram matchning 



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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heba M. El-Hoseny
    • 1
  • Zeinab Z. El Kareh
    • 2
    Email author
  • Wael A. Mohamed
    • 1
  • Ghada M. El Banby
    • 2
  • Korany R. Mahmoud
    • 3
  • Osama S. Faragallah
    • 4
    • 5
  • S. El-Rabaie
    • 6
  • Essam El-Madbouly
    • 2
  • Fathi E. Abd El-Samie
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringBenha UniversityBenhaEgypt
  2. 2.Department of Industrial E1ectronics and Control Engineering, Facu1ty of E1ectronic EngineeringMenoufia UniversityMenoufEgypt
  3. 3.Department of Electronics, Communications, and Computers, Faculty of EngineeringHelwan UniversityCairoEgypt
  4. 4.Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Faculty of Electronic EngineeringMenoufia UniversityMenoufEgypt
  5. 5.Department of Electronics and Electrical Communications Engineering, Faculty of Electronic EngineeringMenoufia UniversityMenoufEgypt
  6. 6.Department of Information Technology, College of Computers and Information TechnologyTaif UniversityAl-HawiyaSaudi Arabia

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