Multimedia Tools and Applications

, Volume 78, Issue 14, pp 19979–20003 | Cite as

Extraction of spiculated parts of mammogram tumors to improve accuracy of classification

  • H. Pezeshki
  • M. RastgarpourEmail author
  • A. Sharifi
  • S. Yazdani


Spiculated parts of masses are significant features to classify tumors in digital mammography; however, segmentation, which is used to extract the shape and contour of a tumor, eliminates them. To address this problem, the current study proposes a novel algorithm for extraction of the spiculated pixels of a tumor that are of similar intensity along a line. It first applies the sums of the differences between the central pixel and neighboring pixels in different symmetric orthogonal directions. The minimum difference between two symmetric orthogonal directions specifies the similarity of pixels in one direction as denoting a spiculated part of the mass. These parts then are added to the segmented image to enhance the shape of tumor. The features of the tumor are extracted from the final segmented image to allow its classification as benign or malignant. Simulation results showed that the accuracy and the area under the ROC curve of the proposed method for mini-MIAS and DDSM databases were 91.37% and 93.22% and 0.9776 and 0.9752, respectively. This confirms the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm for extraction of the spiculated parts of a malignant tumor with the aim of increasing the classification accuracy.


Mammographic mass classification Breast cancer Extraction of spiculated parts Segmentation Feature extraction 


Funding Information

This study was not funded.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interests

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Pezeshki
    • 1
  • M. Rastgarpour
    • 2
    Email author
  • A. Sharifi
    • 1
  • S. Yazdani
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Computer Engineering, Science and Research BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Computer Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Saveh BranchIslamic Azad UniversitySavehIran
  3. 3.Department of Computer Engineering, North Tehran BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran

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