Multimedia Tools and Applications

, Volume 77, Issue 17, pp 22489–22542 | Cite as

Foreground segmentation with PTZ camera: a survey

  • E. KomagalEmail author
  • B. Yogameena


The alertness of terrorism in the present is greater than that in the past b with reference to the incident of September 11. Still now, there has been a fight against terrorism and that has triggered a novel effort to locate the enhanced approaches with a higher-end camera. A Pan Tilt Zoom (PTZ) camera, which is a type of such high-end camera with multi-functionalities, can be used for identifying such potential threats. Consequently, the background modeling has an increasing significance in the computer vision to segment the foreground objects for further analysis in video surveillance applications. A PTZ camera offers a lot of benefits over normal fixed cameras. It provides an easy installation with 360° plane and greater flexibility. Although numerous surveys on static camera methods have already been proposed to model background, these methods do not adopt maximized large-scale scene coverage as well as frame quality to recognize specific targets compared to the PTZ camera. This motivates the survey to address the issues and techniques related to the PTZ background modeling, since there is no survey on this emerging area. The sole objective of this paper is to present a brief survey on the PTZ camera-based foreground segmentation method, which is very indispensable for high level analysis. It also provides an overview of various techniques from the literature that addresses the challenges, solutions, key aspects of the PTZ camera-based foreground segmentation methods, categorization of different approaches as well as the available datasets used for experimentation, and important future scope along with left over challenges for the computer vision researchers with applications.


Foreground segmentation PTZ camera Multi-functionality Coverage Computer vision 



This work has been supported under the Department of Science and Technology (DST) Fast Track Young Scientist Scheme for the project entitled, “Intelligent Surveillance System for Crowd Density Estimation and Human Action Analysis” with reference no. SR/FTP/ETA-49/2012.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringVelammal College of Engineering and TechnologyMaduraiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringThiagarajar College of EngineeringMaduraiIndia

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