Multimedia Tools and Applications

, Volume 77, Issue 17, pp 22007–22031 | Cite as

Enssat: wearable technology application for the deaf and hard of hearing

  • Shurug AlkhalifaEmail author
  • Muna Al-Razgan


A large number of people around the globe experience hearing difficulties of varying degrees. Therefore, recent research has focused on developing applications and systems to aid the Deaf and Hard of Hearing (DHH). Wearable devices have significant potential in assistive applications owing to their low cost and lightweight. Wearable devices help the DHH perform their daily activities easily without requiring assistance from others. We present Enssat, a bilingual (Arabic/English) smartphone-based hearing aid application that uses Google Glass to assist DHH individuals. The application performs important tasks: real-time transcription, real-time translation, and alert management. A user study was performed to evaluate the application. In this study, 10 DHH users evaluated the processes of transcription, translation, and alerting and 15 non-DHH users evaluated the translation function of the system. All of them evaluated the usability and effectiveness of the Enssat application. The results demonstrated the ease of use and utility of the application.


Hard of hearing Deaf Assistive technology Wearable computing Head-mounted Speech-to-text Translation Transcription 



This research project was supported by a grant from the Research Center of the Female Scientific and Medical Colleges, Deanship of Scientific Research, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. We would also like to specially thank the following students: Amal Alfawaz, Amal Alnaqeeb, Ameera Algabr, Ghada Alyousif, and Yosra Aldoeis for their contributions to the implementation and evaluation of the system.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Information Technology Department, College of Computer and Information SciencesKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia

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