Metal Science and Heat Treatment

, Volume 60, Issue 7–8, pp 504–510 | Cite as

Magnetic Image or Apparent Change in the Measured Quantity in Magnetic Circuits with Variable Geometry of the Interpole Space

  • A. G. PastushenkovEmail author
  • A. Yu. Karpenkov

Relation between the change in the intensity of the signal from the measured quantity and the magnetic state of the elements for concentrating the magnetic flux in the interpole space of an electromagnet is studied. The explanation suggested for the observed anomalies is based on consideration of the dependences of the permeability of the pole tips on the field magnetizing them. It is shown that in the case of an open magnetic circuit the contribution of the reaction of the material of the pole tips to the presence of the object studied changes, whereas in the case of partially closed of closed magnetic circuits the object is partially demagnetized due to the changes of the conditions of closure of the magnetic flux in the magnetic system formed by the object of the study and the flux guide of the electromagnet used. Dependences of the signal from the measured quantity on the magnetizing field are plotted for the magnetic circuits considered.

Key words

magnetic image magnetic circuit pole tip reaction of the material of pole tips principal and induced magnetic moments circuit closure and opening 


  1. 1.
    A. G. Pastushenkov, A. Yu. Karpenkov, and L. G. L’vova, “Mirror effect in measuring systems with variable geometry of the interpole space of the electromagnet,” Metalloved. Term. Obrab. Met., No. 10(736), 49 – 55 (2016).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. Stoner and R. Herbert, “Mirror effect in vibration magnetometers,” Zh. Prikl. Fiz., No. 7, 3706 – 3712 (1970).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    C. H. Chen, C. D. Graham, R. M. Strnat, et al., “An explanation for distortion of magnetization at high applied fields in closed-circuit magnetic measurements,” in: Proc. 21st REMP (2010), pp. 165 – 168.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tver State UniversityTverRussia

Personalised recommendations